These discoveries were published in a book called Description de l'Egypte and established modern Egyptology (the study of ancient Egypt) and archaeology.
Another comparison can be made between Parthenon of Athens built between 490 B.C and 488 B.C. and the Great Pyramid of Egypt to show how Egypt architecture influenced that of Greece. The Great Pyramid was made to bring out visual harmony between man and his environment gotten from the use of complex geometry. The Parthenon also made use of complex geometry to represent perfect harmony achieved using architectural work. Just like in Egypt where architecture was meant to honor gods, the Parthenon of Athens was meant honor local deity and goddess Athena. Both structures were made using the same material. The Greeks also used limestone that had been used by the Egyptians in the construction of the Great pyramid of Egypt. Just in the Great Pyramids, stone used in the construction had to be carried from a distance away at Mount Pentelicus to the construction site.
Even with the Nile, Egypt is a hot, dry, country; without it, the climate would be almost unbearable. Although the modern nation of Egypt is more than 700 miles wide at its widest point, virtually all of Egyptian civilization—both now and in ancient times—focuses on a narrow strip of land that spreads out for a few miles on either side of the Nile. This land is the Nile Valley, which forms the rim of the river as it flows for some 500 miles through Egypt.
Thanks to the Nile, Egypt was known as the Black Land—that is, a place of black earth good for crops. Beyond the Nile Valley, however, lay the Red Land. This was the desert, which covered more than ninety percent of Egypt. With the exception of a few scattered oases (green areas), this area was and is a hellish place where no living creature could long survive. No wonder, then, that the Egyptians’ religion depicted the red god of the desert, Set, as an evil deity.
In ancient times, the Blue Nile caused flooding from July to September. These floods, rather than being disasters, were essential to the life of Egypt. As the floodwaters receded each year, they left a deposit of silt, a type of soil rich in minerals. Silt has a consistency somewhere between that of sand and clay. The enriched earth was perfect for growing wheat and barley. Most years the farmers of Egypt had bountiful harvests.
Not only was the Nile the source of all life in ancient Egypt, it was also the principal highway for commerce and other transportation. If people wanted to go from southern Egypt (Upper Egypt) to the north, the currents would carry their boat. If they wanted to travel from the north (Lower Egypt) to the south, they had only to rely on the Mediterranean winds to push a sailboat. Thus the river formed the framework of Egyptian civilization. A later historian would describe Egypt as “the gift of The Nile.” The Egyptians in turn believed that the Nile came from the source of all life and the source of all things both good and bad: the gods.
Researchers and Egyptologists categorize Egyptian Architecture under three periods. In each period, various forms of architectural works were put up. The first period is known as the Ancient Empire architecture. It was experienced from the years 5000 B.C to about 3000 B.C and was initiated by King Menes. In this period, the Great Pyramids were put up at Giza and Saqqara. Bricks were used in the making of living houses and tombs. Hieroglyphs were used in the decoration of the architectural structures and works. The Ancient Empire Architecture was followed by the Middle Empire Architecture that was experienced from 3000 B.C to 1700 B.C. In this period, the rock-cut tombs were put up. The last period was the New Empire Architecture in which the various temples such as the Ammon, Karnak, Luxor, and Edfou were built. This period was experienced between the years 1700 B.C and 350 B.C (Strudwick & Strudwick 123). Architecture established in the New Empire is considered the greatest and has had immense influence on modern forms of architecture. Early Egyptian architecture had great influence on architectural forms that followed it.
Their sun god, the falcon-headed Re, did not cross the heavens in a flaming chariot, he sailed sedately in a solar boat.
Parallel to the Nile on both banks of the river runs the Black Land - the narrow strip of fertile soil that allowed the Egyptians to practice the most efficient agriculture in the ancient world.
Egyptian architecture was made possible by the immense knowledge levels of science the Egyptians had. For instance, knowledge in science enabled them to make colors that could last for millions of years without fading. By practicing geometry, chemistry and mechanics, they were able to move huge stones that were used in the making of the temples, monuments and the pyramids. It also allowed them to manufacture various types of glass. The Egyptians possessed immense levels of knowledge, as we are still not able to produce some of the colors and glass-types they produced and used in their architectural work.
The River Nile flows northwards through the centre of Egypt, bringing much needed water to an otherwise arid part of north-east Africa.
This wealth of objects, of course, creates a highly biased collection of artefacts.
Their total dependence on the River Nile as a source of water and a means of transport had a deep impact on the way that the Egyptians saw the world.
Unlike those of other ancient societies, the Egyptians were experienced in dissecting corpses because, believing that their souls needed an earthly body, they preserved their dead as mummies.
...full of horrific stories of unwanted mummies being burned as torches...
Their disemboweled , dried and bandaged bodies were once regarded as useless curiosities to be unwrapped, stripped of their jewellery, then discarded, and the archaeological literature is full of horrific stories of unwanted mummies being burned as torches, ground into pigment, processed into brown paper and even dispensed as stomach medicine for the rich and gullible.
Today attitudes to the long-deceased have changed and it is no longer considered appropriate to destroy a mummy out of mere curiosity.
Egyptian Architecture is considered unique and had a number of common and distinctive characteristics. First, Egyptian Architecture was unique in that it was gigantic in size and mass. In the making of the structures, the main materials used were stones and sun baked mud bricks. Wood was not commonly used due to its unavailability. Limestone, granite and sandstone were the main types of stones used in architectural work, as they were readily available and easy to work with. Stones were reserved for the tombs and temples while the mud bricks were used in the making of fortresses, temples walls, precincts and fortresses. Houses were made using mud that was collected from the River Nile. The Egyptians collected the mud, placed it in molds and dried it using the hot Egyptian sun. The hard bricks were used in the construction of the houses. The monuments were made of huge single stones that were at times as big twenty-five feet long (Dinsmoor & Anderson 147).