The first and most obvious answer is that, like racial, sexual, and religious bias, discrimination based on elements of appearance not directly related to job performance impacts workplace diversity by unnecessarily limiting the pool of applicants for a job.
When the ratings given to the male students in the 1970's age cohort were graphed, it was found that, one year after graduation, a difference of two standard-deviations in a student's appearance was worth a 3 percent increase in salary. Five years after graduation, the same difference was worth a 10 percent increase and, after a lawyer became established in his profession, the difference was worth 12 percent. After fifteen years of practicing law, each increase of one standard deviation in a lawyer's appearance was worth $3,200 for lawyers in the public sector and $10,200 for lawyers in private practice.
In addition to discrimination based on general attractiveness, discrimination based on weight and height are addressed in an article by Jennifer Laabs in Personnel Journal.
In a broad sense, the pervasiveness of this discrimination is facilitated by the significant permeation of religious bias into America's ostensibly secular democracy and civil society....
According to Biddle and Hamermesh, the similarity in incomes indicates that at least some discrimination comes not so much from managerial bias as it does from bias on the part of clients. When discrimination comes from customer choice, it is doubtful anything non-Orwellian can be done.
Discrimination according to physical appearance, whether based on height, weight or general attractiveness is a fact of life for all persons.
While the courts may rule attractiveness discrimination illegal and try to enforce their decisions, the issue is so tied up with personal tastes and preferences that it is questionable how discrimination could be proven in many cases.
Discrimination based on the various components of physical appearance including height, weight, and general pleasantness or unpleasantness of appearance results in premia for those blessed with certain attributes, and in penalties for persons failing to measure up to the given standard as shown in a number of studies.
In a study published in 1994, Drs.
In spite of a "famous" study by Lewis Terman which reputedly showed a positive association between IQ and physical attractiveness, there remain many short, overweight, or unattractive but otherwise talented and skilled people whose abilities and insights are at best underutilized by and at worst lost to discriminatory organizations. Imagine if Janet Reno, Madeline Albright, or Abraham Lincoln had been judged purely on the basis of their looks.
Appearance discrimination also impacts the workplace when it overlaps and reinforces the stereotypes associated with other forms of discrimination such as sexism and racism.
As an answer to this resolution, this piece will address various issues raised because of these practices, including reverse discrimination, segregation proposals, as well as cause and effect concerns for clarity.
According to the study, attractive women are perceived as being more feminine and delicate than their less attractive peers and therefor less capable of performing certain tasks.
The penalties in terms of wages listed above should make at least some of the ramifications of appearance discrimination on workers obvious.
According to the growing research on discrimination and prejudice, these are learned behaviors that with practice can be unlearned, and ultimately eliminated (Baron & Branscombe, 2012, p.
Such people live in a limited world of imagination; accepting uncritically the valuesof common folklore, and always preferring to have their naive beliefs, feelings, and prejudicestickled, rather than to enjoy a purely aesthetic and philosophic pleasure arising from discrimination,contemplation, and the recognition of austere absolute beauty.
Discrimination is defined as the negative treatment of different groups: Prejudice, on the other hand is viewed as the negative emotions or attitudes associated with discrimination (Baron & Branscombe, 2012, p....
Discrimination is defined as the negative treatment of different groups: Prejudice, on the other hand is viewed as the negative emotions or attitudes associated with discrimination (Ramasubramanian, 2010)....
Laabs suggests that one reason why overweight teenagers who remain overweight into adulthood continue to be paid less than their svelte counterparts may be that earlier discrimination damages their self-esteem, resulting in lower performance over the course of their lifetimes. A number of sources also make note of the fact that unattractive or overweight women are either less likely to find a mate, or more likely to find a mate of low quality.
Although most sources agree that there are potential or actual legal concerns related to appearance discrimination, there is some disagreement over whether and how much the courts and legislatures should be able to do to counteract such discrimination.