Strain theories (Bernard 1987, Durkheim 1933, Merton 1938, Miller 1975, Cohen & Short 1958, Cloward & Onlin 1960, Cohen 1955, Kluegel & smith 1986) regard antisocial behaviours as the frustrations of the lower class when they find themselves unable to achieve the material success expected of middle-class. This frustration and inability to meet such expectations makes some participate in acts of delinquency, and crime as another means of acquiring money, material items and prestige socially. (Flowers 1986, Hawkins 1996, Rowe 1996, Merton 1957, Quinney 1980). For example, Renton (Welsh – Trainspotting 1996) came from a nuclear family that appeared to be a supportive towards him. But Renton felt powerless to change his circumstances (for work, money, material possessions), he blamed England for this problem, as them had control over Scotland. So, Renton turned his back on conventional goals and the structured means for achieving them, drifting instead into as escapist lifestyle of drug addiction. Therefore greater emphasis should be placed on identifying the needs of those concerned, rather than the crime. (Marriot Report1971).
The link established between violence in the media and violence in society is "superior to that linking cancer to tobacco." (Grossman) Hundreds of studies done on the effects of violence in the media have been published, most of which claim that through television, the homicide rate, suicide rate, and rape rate have all increased dramatically. The Journal of the American Medical Association stated that "if hypothetically, television technology had never been developed, there would be 10,000 fewer homicides each year in the United States, 70,000 fewer rapes, and 700,000 fewer injurious assaults." Without a doubt, the effects of the media do directly affect children in society.
Before we can start concocting a crime solution that actually works, we need to dig for the root causes of crime. Only then we can find the right solutions that deal directly with the source of the problem, as opposed to limiting ourselves to dealing with the symptoms through punishment measures. 10 causes of crime article provides resources to identify the source(s) of the disorder, as well as suggesting solutions.
There is no single cause to any disorder, including crime. While clearly we are all ultimately responsible for our own actions, it is wrong to hold an individual wholly responsible for his unlawful act. There are certain factors in our societies, cultures (family values), system (educational, political, law-enforcement...), economy, and so on that endorse the potential of criminal activities of an individual. An organization as a whole should take a part of the blame in order to transform the conditions in which criminal-minds breed.
We, Talidari artists, propose a new solution to crime by offering a triple action transition , one that works on all three levels of the disorder: the source, the symptoms and the prevention. There, where policy makers and scientists are short of a conclusive fix, artists come forward to offer their take on the matter as well as efficient resolution - . This cure is part of our program and it is available in our at the counter (because it offers ways to gain wealth that are alternative to the criminal ways). Thanks to generous donations all our art therapy products are free at present.
White Americans, who constitute a majority of policymakers, criminal justice practitioners, the media, and the general public, overestimate the proportion of crime committed by people of color and the proportion of racial minorities who commit crime. Even individuals who denounce racism often harbor unconscious and unintentional racial biases. Attributing crime to racial minorities limits empathy toward offenders and encourages retribution as the primary response to crime. Consequently, although whites experience less crime than people of color, they are more punitive.
Traffic stops are a domain of civil law that can lead to criminal charges. While the frequency of stops has not differed significantly by race in recent years, the causes and outcomes of stops have. In 2011, blacks were 30% more likely than whites and Hispanics to report a recent traffic stop, though this disparity has faded in some recent years.147) Officers’ stated reasons for making a stop differed significantly by the driver’s race. While half of traffic stops for whites were for speeding, the rate for blacks and Hispanics was under 40%, meaning that racial minorities were more frequently stopped for other reasons. A closer look at those reasons suggests that the police relied more on discretion to stop people of color: blacks and Hispanics were significantly more likely than whites to be stopped for a record check (14.0%, 9.7%, and 9.0% respectively), for a vehicle defect (19.0%, 16.5%, and 12.7% respectively), or for no reason at all (4.7%, 3.3%, and 2.6% respectively).148) These national statistics also obscure staggering disparities in some jurisdictions.149)
Whatever good intentions were served by the welfare system, theevidence shows that its perverse financial incentives discouragethe formation of intact families and the pursuit of work. These arethe outcomes of the current "community code" on which high-crimeneighborhoods are built. Thus, current government policy is apowerful facilitator of the long-term rise in the crime rate.
Amid the social collapse of so many urban neighborhoods, thereare stunning examples of successful efforts to turn around thelives of young people previously immersed in crime. These effortsinvariably possess two features. One is a strong system of ruleswithin an organization characterized by the love and firm guidanceseen in a supportive family. The other is a strong spiritualdimension, most commonly a profound religious commitment.
A 2013 Gallup survey revealed that while over two-thirds of blacks believed that the American justice system was biased against blacks, only one-quarter of whites agreed.144) Racial differences in personal encounters with the police and courts, and familiarity with the experiences of others through social networks, have polarized perceptions of the justice system. Whites have less frequent encounters with the criminal justice system than African Americans and Latinos. And when whites do encounter the police and courts, their experiences are often qualitatively different from those of people of color. These differences contribute to whites’ positive views of these institutions and greater reliance on them for crime control.
Congress ought to request summary descriptive and comparativeresearch on how the children of first, second, third, and fourthgeneration single-parent families fare on indices of health anddevelopment, as well as social competence, during and by the end oftheir growing years. While we do have some knowledge of the impactof out-of-wedlock birth and single-parent family life on children,we do not know about multiple- generation effects. This knowledgecould be very salutary.
Researchers have identified several other factors beyond racial perceptions of crime that explain why white Americans are more punitive than blacks and Latinos. First, whites have fewer and more positive encounters with the police and courts relative to racial minorities. Second, some whites harbor and express overt racial prejudice, which is strongly linked to punitive sentiment. Finally, white Americans are more likely than African Americans to attribute criminal behavior to individual failure, rather than to contextual causes. These factors lead whites to perceive the criminal justice system as legitimate while limiting their ability to “empathetically identify” with people who have broken the law.143) African Americans – who hold little overt anti-black prejudice, are less trusting of the criminal justice system, and are more likely to recognize structural causes of crime – more often empathize with people accused and convicted of crime, and are therefore less punitive than whites.