The main motive behind World War I and World War II was the desire of European countries to “rule the world.” Britain fought to preserve her hegemony on the seas in order to control her overseas colonies. France was trying to maintain the superiority in continental Europe she had held since the 19th century. Bismarck’s unification of Germany had created an imbalance amongst the European powers, however. After becoming an economic and military superpower, unified Germany tried to get its “fair share” in the world, a prospect that other European powers were unwilling to tolerate and that led to two world wars. If an advanced society is wrongfully held hostage or mistreated, that society will definitely one day retaliate when it reaches a position of strength, and that is what happened with Germany between World War I and World War II. Had Wilson been successful in implementing his 14-point charter, and had France not insisted on reparations in the Treaty of Versailles, we would most probably have never seen a Hitler rise to power.
This modern equipment, in plenty, was used by the German military in World War 2, and in the invasion of France, two German armor divisions were using solely Czech tanks, and the Czech military industry was producing plenty more for Hitler's army.
Is it just me, or does it seem rather ironic that the very thing that was meant to solve the first World War is the most important of all of the causes of the second?
Historians have suggested many reasons why World War Two broke out in 1939. However, have you realised that the World War II was the culmination of the inter-war period, and that your whole course of study has been building up to understanding it?
The debate began during the war itself as each side tried to lay blame on the other, became part of the "war guilt" question after 1918, went through a phase of revisionism in the 1920s, and was revived in the 1960s thanks to the work of Fritz Fischer.
Together the two agreements formed the three-fold alliance that lasted and effectively bound each to the other right up till the outbreak of world war just seven years later.
Two years later Britain signed the with France. This 1904 agreement finally resolved numerous leftover colonial squabbles. More significantly, although it did not commit either to the other's military aid in time of war, it did offer closer diplomatic co-operation generally.
Austria-Hungary signed an alliance with Romania in 1883, negotiated by Germany, although in the event Romania - after starting World War One as a neutral - eventually ; as such Austria-Hungary's treaty with Romania was of no actual significance.
Two years after Germany and Austria-Hungary concluded their agreement, Italy was brought into the fold with the signing of the in 1881. Under the provisions of this treaty, Germany and Austria-Hungary promised to assist Italy if she were attacked by France, and vice versa: Italy was bound to lend aid to Germany or Austria-Hungary if France declared war against either.
The social and political costs of the inflation were enormous. A lifetime of savings was now not even worth a subway ticket. This resulted in the rise of radical political parties on both the left and right. It was during this period in 1919 that a man named Adolf Hitler joined one such small group, called the German Worker’s Party. The party was renamed in 1920 as the National Socialist German Workers Party, or “Nazi” Party for short, which is the German way of pronouncing the first two syllables of “National.”
It can be used as a personalised independent learning module which enables pupils to cover GCSE 9-1 content on the Causes of the Second World War using the differentiated work booklet but can also be used as a revision resource or a teaching resource via a data projector or interactive whiteboard.
It took quite some time for the world to revive after the war came to an end on September 2, 1945; that though, was only after millions of people lost their lives.
German military leaders realized that they would be unable to win the war and began peace negotiations with Wilson in early 1918. The negotiations were based on Wilson’s Fourteen Points. In return, as per U.S.-German records, Wilson attempted to persuade the Allied Powers to accede to his program. The Fourteen Points included ending secret treaties and secret diplomacy; freedom of the seas; removal of barriers and inequalities in international trade; reduction of armaments by all powers; colonial readjustments; evacuation of occupied territory; self-determination of nationalities and a redrawing of European boundaries along national lines; as well as an international political organization to prevent future world wars. France and Britain, however, held to certain conditions: They wanted near-monopoly of the seas and also compensation for the heavy damages incurred during the war on their civilian populations.
These elected leaders represented the nationwide pacifism of their war-traumatized nations, which resulted from the enormous and futile carnage in the battlefields of World War I, that ended in 1918 and was therefore still firmly in the memories and thoughts of all adults.