The Nature-Nurture debate is a long running psychological debate. One which is still greatly of interest in matters of, behaviour, child development and even what makes a criminal. For the purpose of this essay I shall focus on one representative argument in the nature-nurture debate, this being sexuality. The belief of sexuality being a factor of Nature or Nurture will be discussed through the Psychological Levels discussed in Psychology: the science of mind and behaviour (2nd Ed) 2012. These being biological (Evoluntionary Psychology), Environmental (Behaviourism) and Social (Social Psychologists).
Evolutionary Psychology began with Charles Darwin upon the publication of his book ‘The Origin of the Species’ in 1859. Since then Evolutionary Psychology has only advanced. Around the time of Darwin’s work, Mendel (1855-68) was working on understanding genetics, he proposed that there were two of each gene given to a person by their mother and their father. This theory was later expanded to its fullest for by Watson and Crick in the 1950’s with an understanding of Chromosomes and Hormones creating DNA.
Some Psychologists would say however, that sexuality is a creation of ones upbringing and the things they are exposed to everyday, this then is an argument that sexuality is mostly nurture. Since the removal of homosexuality from the list of mental illnesses in 1973, media has been able to introduce the topic more and more. People are now more commonly exposed to stories of homosexuality (and bisexuality) in magazines and newspapers from their role models, and on television programmes. Bandura (1977) came up with the Social Learning Theory. This theory suggests that children who witness an event, or repetitively observe behaviour are more likely to view this behaviour as an acceptable norm and partake in such behaviour.
Nurture defines biological features which could inevitability lead to a individuals deviant or criminal behaviour, because criminality is believed by biological positivist to be inherited from a persons parents....
“It is not the quality of the act the person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender” (Kraska, 2004) There are criminal justice actors that influence the definitions of criminal behavior which are police portraying the idea of the impossible mandate of curing crime, criminal statistics, and organizations working to ma...
In order to understand law-breaking we have to look at the process of how we defined behaviors as illegal as well as looking at the reactions of the criminal justice system.
What I have learn from research-based evidence and analyzing social and cultural theories, is that criminal behavior is multifaceted and is influenced by a range of determinants in which surrounds the nature versus nurture debate.