It is essential for governmental and related authorities to establish anti- drink and drive campaigns and policies, which could play a significant role in reduction, and curbing the surge of road related fatalities. Such policies could be enhanced by the presence of sobriety test on the road, in order to ensure that all motorists are compliant with the laws and regulations concerned with ensuring sobriety on the roads (Mendralla, & Grosshandler, 32).
Drinking and driving is also associated with the consumption of other drugs, which results in high levels of intoxication, which poses an eventual danger to the user, and driver as well as those in the drunk driver surroundings. Some drivers are usually involved in accidents due to the use of either medicinal drugs or illicit drugs, which could also be combined with alcohol consumption. There has been an increase in drug related accidents other than alcohol. Such accidents related to either illicit or medicinal result in fatal accidents or death. Some of the most common drugs used by drugged drivers are usually illicit such as marijuana. This impairs the reasoning, rational and cognitive processes of the brain of the user and river. Marijuana is the primary extensively abused illicit drug around the world because of the ease in attainment of the drug from the community (Knox, 23).
MADD also focuses on underage drinking and of course includes any and all people, whether fathers, sisters, grandparents, neighbors and friends, who work to “stop drunk driving and support the victims of this violent crime” (MADD, 2014).
In a way, the drunk driver had been lucky when he went through our yard, especially when we had just taken a gigantic walnut tree out of our yard two or three years prior....
Less than twenty minutes before this drunk driver went through our yard, my mom and I had been walking our dogs, and if the drunk driver had gone through any earlier, my mom and I both would have been hit.
Drinking and driving is a term associated with the consumption of alcohol and subsequently driving a motor vehicle. Driving under the influence of alcohol is considered a primary contributor to road accident deaths. Authorities around the world prohibit the consumption of alcohol in combination to the use of machinery or driving on roads as it exposes the driver to danger as well as engaging other motorists. Consumption of alcohol impairs the judgment of an individual making the driver unfit for driving a motor vehicle or any other individual unfit to operate any form of machinery (Cefrey, 21).
Causes of excessive consumption of alcohol are numerous and vary form one party to another. Young individuals usually engage in drinking and driving due to the need to show off to their friends by taking such risks. In addition, they might do so with the aim of getting the attention of their ever-busy parents. Use of other drugs especially in adults is also a major cause of drinking and driving. This is because mixture of other drugs impairs judgment prompting excessive risk taking. On the other hand, stress could also be a cause for drinking and driving among working class individuals. This is evidenced by the need to drink on the way home to relieve and forget individual troubles.
Drunk driving has been a problem in the United States since the introduction of automobiles; however, it did not become an important social issue until the 1980’s.
The amount of money and time spent on these efforts to decrease this number is a result of congress passing a bill authorizing more than 17 billion dollars in effort to fight this drinking and driving problem.
The abuse of alcohol has, historically, been thought of as a moral failing. Muslims and Mormons and many kinds of fundamentalist Christians do not drink, because they consider alcohol an invitation to weakness and sin. Around the middle of the last century, alcoholism began to be widely considered a disease: it was recognized that some proportion of the population was genetically susceptible to the effects of drinking. Policymakers, meanwhile, have become increasingly interested in using economic and legal tools to control alcohol-related behavior: that’s why the drinking age has been raised from eighteen to twenty-one, why drunk-driving laws have been toughened, and why alcohol is taxed heavily. Today, our approach to the social burden of alcohol is best described as a mixture of all three: we moralize, medicalize, and legalize.
When a drunken individual is involved in driving, he or she is unable to see distant objects. In addition, double and blurred visions are usually associated with the consumption of alcohol. Impaired judgment also becomes a factor as an individual is unable to determine the events in his or her surroundings and specifically when on the road. Overconfidence is also an issue, which results from the consumption of alcohol prompting people to undertake greater risks, which could prove as devastating to the health and life of an individual as well as those in the surroundings.
The parties would have been more aptly described as drinking parties. The host would buy the first bottle and issue the invitations. A dozen or so people would show up on Saturday night, and the party would proceed—often until everyone went back to work on Monday morning. The composition of the group was informal: sometimes people passing by would be invited. But the structure of the party was heavily ritualized. The group would sit in a circle. Someone might play the drums or a guitar. A bottle of rum, from one of the sugar refineries in the area, and a small drinking glass were placed on a table. The host stood, filled the glass with rum, and then walked toward someone in the circle. He stood before the “toastee,” nodded, and raised the glass. The toastee smiled and nodded in return. The host then drank half the glass and handed it to the toastee, who would finish it. The toastee eventually stood, refilled the glass, and repeated the ritual with someone else in the circle. When people got too tired or too drunk, they curled up on the ground and passed out, rejoining the party when they awoke. The Camba did not drink alone. They did not drink on work nights. And they drank only within the structure of this elaborate ritual.
That caveat is important: In March, ICE known as a Hailstorm to locate 20-year-old El Salvadorean man Rudy Carcamo-Carranza, who had entered the US illegally twice and was wanted in connection to alleged drunk driving and hit-and-run incidents. The ICE officer involved in the investigation, Jeremy McCullough, was a member of the ERO department but was also to the FBI’s Violent Gang Task Force. So for ICE agents to use a cell-site simulator to track people suspected of immigration law violations, they just need to be assigned to such a unit.