This sampling of new or evolving perspectives in feminist environmentalphilosophy illustrates that feminist environmental philosophy is anexpanding field of scholarship—one rich with possibilities ofnew ways of thinking about women, animals, and nature.
For purposes of this essay, a general, common-denominatorcharacterization of “ecofeminist philosophy” is that it:(1) explores the nature of the connections between the unjustifieddominations of women and nature; (2) critiques male-biased Westerncanonical philosophical views (assumptions, concepts, claims,distinctions, positions, theories) about women and nature; and (3)creates alternatives and solutions to such male-biased views.
The Biological Science major in the College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences at the University of Georgia provides a flexible program of study integrating both biological and agricultural sciences. Students take courses in general biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, math, physics, and several electives to prepare for professional programs in veterinary medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, and medicine, or for advanced graduate degrees (Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy) in any of the biological sciences.
The four-year program provides a balance of basic sciences, humanities, social sciences, engineering sciences, biological sciences, and courses in engineering design and analysis. Students choose from three engineering areas of emphasis – Biomedical, Biochemical or Environmental – and tailor courses to match. Course topics include mass transport and rate phenomena, biomaterials, reaction systems, biomechanics, environmental engineering, solid/hazardous waste management, and others. Prior to graduation, students must complete the Fundamentals of Engineering examination which qualifies the student for Engineer-in-Training registration (a prerequisite for Professional Engineer registration). A dual degree program is also available, which allows a student to earn a Bachelors of Science in Biological Engineering and Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health in five years.
In this essay, I would like to examine two of the most widely expounded philosophies on the cause of environmental degradation in the Western hemisphere....
The book captures environmental philosophy at its current state of development and prepares students and scholars to make further contributions to it" (Mark Sagoff, Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy)"Hargrove effectively combines the scholarly sleuthing of a historian with the analytic acumen of a philosopher to produce a study unique in the field of environmental ethics.
It is this anthropocentric, mainly aesthetic tradition, Hargrove shows, which has shaped contemporary environmentalism, its rhetoric, and its thought, and which provides a natural foundation for its future flourishing" (Bryan G.
Essays cover conservation politics, environmental science, economics and the corporation, environmental philosophy and religion written by some of North America's leading environmental thinkers: Susan Bratton, Elinor Gadon, Pete A.
The distinguished faculty train students in decision-making, communication, and interpersonal skills for dynamic careers in business, natural resources, and the environment. For students wishing to pursue further studies, the program provides an excellent foundation for graduate schools in agricultural economics, economics, and professional schools in law and business administration.
We already have been introduced to ecofeminist philosophy in connectionwith animal ethics (),Leopold's Land Ethic (), and deep ecology (). This section explores the nature of ecofeminist philosophyas a distinct kind of environmental philosophy.
According to Cassandra Brooks, writer for the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, 18 percent of all global greenhouse gas emissions are due to livestock production.
Journal of Philosophy of Life deals with a variety of philosophical issues concerning life, death, and nature, that arise in a wide range of fields including bioethics, environmental ethics, environmental philosophy, religious studies, gender studies, philosophy of science, philosophy of biology, biopolitics, nursing studies, philosophy of education, Holocaust studies, peace studies, and the history of ideas.
During the 1980s, women's activism in a variety of socialmovements—the environmental, peace, animal liberation, andenvironmental justice movements—came together and a new form ofactivism emerged, ecofeminist political activism. By the1990s, this political activism had given rise to a diversity ofecofeminisms: liberal, Marxist, socialist, radical,cultural/spiritual, and social ecofeminisms. These differentecofeminisms are mentioned here because each is grounded in adifferent ecofeminist political perspective—liberalism, Marxism,socialism, radical feminism, indigenous and spiritual politics,anarchism, and social ecology. And each political perspective providesa different answer to questions about the nature of ecofeministactivism, green politics, and ecofeminism political philosophy.
A fourth theme is that ecofeminist ethics makes no attempt toprovide an “objective” moral point of view, since itassumes that, in contemporary culture, there really is no such pointof view. As such, it does not claim to be “unbiased” inthe sense of gender-neutral. But it does assume that the gender biasit has is a better bias than those of other environmental ethics thatdo not recognize or include in their ethical theories anything aboutthe varieties of women-nature connections that have been described inthis essay.