The government should reduce the amount of money spent on local environmental problems and instead increase funding into urgent and more threatening issues such as global warming.
While some people consider global warming to be the most pressing environmental problem which we have at the moment, others believe that deforestation has a more devastating impact on our world.
As far as the new technologies develop and the great amount of plants and factories are being built all over the world, a lot of attention nowadays is paid to the issues connected with the environment and its protection. The development of industry, the growth of population as well as globalization and urbanization result in environmental degradation. “Such environmental problems as land degradation, deforestation, declining of marine resources and water scarcity of deteriorating of water and air quality are on the priority list in Africa.” (Sandon, October 27, 2006)
This paper is intended to discuss the environmental issues in one of the parts of the African continent – the South Africa, and to consider possible solutions for these problems that may cause serious repercussions either for people of South Africa or for the environment of the country.
As is obvious, the environmental problems discussed above are serious and some solutions have to be found to prevent the situation from getting worse or even inconvertible. Thus, hereinafter, the possible measures to improve the situation are going to be discussed.
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The paper is going to consider such environmental problems in South Africa as land degradation and freshwater scarcity. Beside that, the causes for these problems are going to be described. Also, the possible solutions are to be considered together with the measures that have already been taken by the South Africa’s government. In addition, the same environmental problems are going to be discussed with regard to other countries in the world, and also the paper is going to discuss the solutions of these problems created in the countries under discussion.
Some people think that current environmental issues are global problems and should therefore be dealt with by the government while others believe that these problems can only be tackled by individuals.
to deal with land degradation, to allocation sufficient funds to tackle the problem, and – crucially – to consult local people before any decisions are taken.” (“Land Degradation”, n.d.) The government, together with the representatives of 124 countries-members of the Convention, works on the land restoring. As far as the local population is also involved into the project, the people are being educated about the problem and its solutions.
As for the problem of land degradation, Australia suffers from it to a great degree. “Since the early 1970s, there has been an increasing awareness of and concern for environmental issues in Australia. These concerns have found expression in a broad range of community led activities. They have also led to legislation, regulation and expenditure by governments, at national, state and local level.” (“Australian Actions to Combat Desertification and Land Degradation”, April, 2002) And in spite of all the government’s efforts and the policy initiatives Australia still has challenges to overcome and thus the government has to involve regional communities and landlords into the initiatives that are supposed to improve the situation. Beside that, Australian government has created the integrated package of mutually reinforcing measures that includes controlling the use of water supplies and improvement of their quality, improvement of the vegetation management, measures to encourage reservation and remediation, and creating voluntary community programs targeted at reducing land degradation.
Consequently, the conclusion can be made, that environmental problems are serious but they can be solved. The solution can be found if the government is able to cooperate with the local communities as together using the legislation as well as the local initiatives they can manage and thus solve the abovementioned environmental problems.
"We are rightly appalled by the genetic effects of radiation; how then, can we be indifferent to the same effect in chemicals we disseminate widely in our environment?"
"Despite progress, lead poisoning remains one of the top childhood environmental health problems today. Without further action, over the coming decades large numbers of young children may be exposed to lead in amounts that could impair their ability to learn and to reach their full potential."