Now, opponents of affirmative action may question whether affirmative action is the right way to go about correcting past and present injustice.
(The reader may find them in ) The point here is that affirmative action is intended not asreverse discrimination, but as compensatory damages for injustice.
It is pertinent to highlight the difference between Retributive and Restorative Justice. In Retributive Justice, crime is viewed as a violation of state laws making offender and the state responsible. However, in Restorative Justice, crime has been described in entirely new way and not viewed as an offense against state. The offender is made to realize the consequence of act and both- victim and offender- are involved in interactive sessions to resolve the aftermath of crime by dialogue and negotiations supported by the society and government. (Walqrave, 2003)
One of the main objectives of Restorative Justice is to provide a solution and prevent the re-occurrence of crime. As offender assumes the responsibility of the crime in a face-to-face interaction with the victim or the people affected by the incident, the needs of the affected person/s are attended effectively. This rehabilitation process supports in reducing the rate of crime in future. (Hadley, 2001)
But perhaps, ladies and gentlemen, I proceed too fast; I shallhave more to say a little later about the Christian concept ofjustice. Just now a little about the classical idea of justice. Theclassical definition, which comes to us through Plato, Aristotle,Saint Ambrose, and Saint Augustine of Hippo, is expressed in asingle phrase: suum cuique, or "to each his own." As this is put inJustinian's Corpus Juris Civilis, "Justice is a habit whereby a manrenders to each one his due with constant and perpetual will."Aristotle instructs us that the prevalence of injustice makes clearthe meaning of justice. Also Aristotle remarks that it is unjust totreat unequal things equally -- a principle to which I shall returnin my later lectures. Of the virtue called justice, Saint Augustinedeclares, "Justice is that ordering of the soul by virtue of whichit comes to pass that we are no man's servant, but servants of Godalone."
Crime under a Restorative Justice is viewed in the social context stressing on making a robust relationship with different other elements instead of a system designed in isolation. The concept of Restorative Justice has mainly been developed in the Western world including countries like Australia, New Zealand, the United States and some Western European nations. Offender, in Restorative Justice, is made to interact with the victims so that he/she can feel the consequences of his/her crime ensuring a behavioral change that can be brought in the future.
Indeed, right-wing pseudo-Christians constantly accuseliberals of engaging in "class warfare" and wanting to engage inunjust transfers of wealth, it is really the right-wing pseudo-Christians whoare guilty of those sins. The entire right-wing pseudo-Christian agenda is", the transfer of wealth… from the poor and the working classes tothe rich."
One should also note here that just like domesticallythe right-wing pseudo-Christians' call for a ""solution is really no solution at all, internationally they have a false mantracalled "free trade." Even the World Bank has sometimes had to that the freetrade model of globalization only makes the rich richer and the poor poorer.
Indeed,concept that health care should be considered a vitalhuman right – as much as the freedoms of religion and speech – has started to some publicrecognition. I just don't understand the thinking of people who don't thinkhealth care is a basic human right. If a person is dead, then the rights offree speech or exercise of religion are not of much use that person anymore,are they? A recent study that 18,000 people die in the United States every year because they don't havehealth insurance. Much pain and suffering also results from not having health insurance.
"Adjustedgross income" is taxable income. The Commerce Department, using what hasbeen "a more comprehensive measure of income," comes up with a 2000 totalU.S. personal income figure of , and in 2002 the figure will be just under . So a 1% surcharge using these Commerce numbers would yield evenmore than the $80 billion U.N. target figure.
What this moron is trying tosay is that unless there's a *law made to force people* to give something theytruly in their hearts don't want to give in the first place, that God is goingto judge the nation for it's uncharitable laws...I guess he just didn'tunderstand that without a willing heart and mind...Charity is not charity andgiving is simply a dead work which God hates. Duhhhhhh.
[T]his would mean "enslaving" people to do a work. Just as theEgyptians did to the Israelites in the OT. It's a commie leftist agenda...
in this essay I address the unfortunate lock-step tendency of right-wingpseudo-Christians to dismissively label all discussion of social/economicjustice as "leftist" or "communist."
Here andthroughout this essay, please note that I do not cite the Pope's writings aboutany particular socio-economic issue as evidence of the validity of his analysisof that issue – although I do believe that his various analyses I cite valid – but rather, for the proposition that his analyses determine whatMatthew 25 requires of Catholics.