Leadership Theory, Organizational Culture, Insights and Conclusions Order Description Evaluate Leadership Theory A. Describe a leadership style used in the case study and why there was a shift in leadership style throughout the case study. B. Explain the characteristics and decisions of management in the case study that help explain the shift in leadership […]
Section 1: Leadership Management and system thinking
Consider how you define public health leadership and how your definition applies a systems thinking approach. Also, think about the differences between public health leadership and public health management. Think of an example to illustrate this difference.
Then, provide your personal definition of public health leadership and a definition of systems thinking. Then explain how public health leadership is different from public health management. Use a specific public health example to illustrate this difference. Finally, explain how systems thinking applies to your definition of leadership.
What does leadership mean to you? Additionally, how do leadership and leadership responsibilities differ between public health leaders and managers? The difference between public health leadership and public health management may be highlighted by the way in which each uses a systems approach in solving public health issues. Although public health leadership and public health management may use a systems approach differently, the use of a systems approach provides leaders and managers with access to more resources for solving public health problems. To illustrate this point, think of the role a system plays in preventing a pandemic outbreak and how access to additional resources may assist public health leadership effectiveness. As a result, think about how a systems thinking approach might impact your definition of public health leadership.
Section 2: Value Systems
For this Professional Leadership Journal, complete the “Value Systems” assessment. As a scholar-practitioner in the field of public health, reflect on what the assessment may reveal about your leadership values. What values may be important to you as a leader in the field of public health?
The Assignment (3 paragraphs):
Explain new insights gained based on your results of the “Value Systems” assessment
Explain how these new insights might impact your role, or future role as a public health leader
Transactional leadership best describes nursing leadership in the past (Carney1999). In the history of Irish nursing transactional nursing has been predominant (McCarthy 1998). This type of leadership was effective but it impeded the development of nurses in their management role. Lack of nursing leadership at the development of health policy has resulted in inadequate consultation with regard to nursing The health care environment is both complex and dynamic involving a variety of team members from a multidisciplinary background. Leaders are required to ensure that health care is delivered by nurses with effectiveness and efficiency. The quality of the health care delivered in the Irish health care setting is primarily determined by the quality of the nursing services. By having effective and efficient nursing workforce, it will lead to a better quality of health service.
The transactional leader does not possess the previously names qualities. The characteristics of a transactional leader include the following principles; the transactional leader is more like the traditional manager, responsible for the day to day management of tasks. They focus on achieving the task at hand and maintaining the status quo. They are in a caretaker role and have no vision for the future and shared values are not identified . The transactional leader expects staff to carry out work in exchange for payment. The transactional manager can positively or negatively influenence organisational structure.
Healthcare organizations are undergoing enormous changes. Health policies for example ‘’The Health Strategy. Quality and Fairness (2001) and the Commission on Health Funding (1989), The Management Development Strategy (1996) have a major influence on the delivery of health care. Nurse managers and leaders are being affected by these changes. One of the goals of the Health Strategy is high performance. The Management Development Strategy (1996) established the Office of Health Management. It influences the recruitment and selection of nursing personnel and the decentralization of decision making. It promotes individual performance appraisal and leadership and management development. The implications of these have major influence on nursing management resources and the leadership skills required.
Because there are instances where management will have to utilize a combination of leadership styles are necessary to reach a common objective and goal.
Level 5 Diploma Management/Leadership in Health and Social Care
Unit 511 Develop professional supervision practice in health and social care or children and young people's settings (LM2c)
Performance evidence record. Learning Outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.
“Leadership is a prerequisite for effective management without leadership skills one cannot be an effective manager” Tappen (1985). For the purpose of this assignment the types and characteristics of leadership will be discussed. The author will briefly review the theories of leadership. Particular emphasis will be placed on the difference between transactional and transformational leadership and how it is relevant in modern nursing. The author will also explore why nursing leadership and management is vital in today’s healthcare environment and how changes in healthcare have influenced leadership and management in modern nursing.
Tappen (2001) identifies the difference between management and leadership as follows: There is a close relationship between the concepts of leadership and management. Management is a formal specifically designated position within an organization. Each department and clinical area has a manager who is responsible for the organization of that specific area. Tappen (2001) states “leadership is an unofficially achieved position that may be assumed by more than one person at any one time. Tappen suggests that management is an assigned role, leadership is an attained one”. The literature also acknowledges the concept that all people have untapped leadership potential (Tichy1997).
It is also acknowledged in the literature reviewed and it highlights that that there is confusion regarding the difference between leadership and management (Carney 1999). It is suggested that they are one and the same thing but the management role is task orientated, while the leadership role is team orientated.
None the less both concepts are pivotal in the delivery of health care. Watson (cited by Beech 2002) identifies a useful distinction between management and leadership, using the 7Sframework: managers rely on strategy, structures and systems . Leaders use an approach involving style , staff, skill and shared goals.
To be effective leaders and managers in the nursing profession, nurse professionals must have adequate nursing knowledge, self awareness, the ability to communicate clearly and effectively and the ability to mobilize, empower and be enthusiastic about leadership activities (Tappen 1995). Burns (cited by Marquis and Huston 2000) state that there are two styles of management leaders, relevant to nursing; transactional and transformational leaders. Other styles noted in the literature include autocratic, bureaucratic, democratic, laissez faire, and employee controlled (McAdoo 2003).Theories of leadership include the trait approach, the behavioural approach, contingency leadership and charismatic leaders. The author will now focus on transformational and transactional leadership.