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Short Paragraph on Afforestation - Important India

The present study focuses on young (less than 30 years old) forests. However, the INFC reports increment and volume data for the age classes ), including about 1460 equations derived from the European forest yield tables database (AFOLU database - ) and from an Italian literature review (). Because these tables were based on direct field measurements, we assumed that they can also adequately represent the evolution of standing volume in young stands, where inventory data are missing and silvicultural tretaments generally have a lower impact. We selected the equation having the minimum relative difference from the average volume per hectare reported in the INFC (considering the entire range of available age classes) for each FT and region. These equations were used to compile the YTs library applied during the model run, including 90 different YTs, based on the volume reported by INFC and the equations derived by the species-independent database.

In the present study, we considered 21 administrative units, 24 climatic units (CLUs), as defined by Pilli (), and 17 forest types (FT, reported in ), assumed as pure forests according to the main species reported by INFC (detected from the Tab. 7.16-7.32 reported by ). Assuming all the FTs as pure forests, may be a quite rough assumption but in many cases the natural expansion of forests is driven (at least in the first stage) by few species with a higher seed dispersal capacity (, pioneer species - ) and this process may favor the formation of almost-pure forest stands (see and the following section).

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Essay about afforestation and deforestation articles

Important of afforestation essays

The INFC forest area was equal to about 8759 kha (with a standard error SE = 0.4%) and was based on the FAO-FRA 2000 forest definition (, a minimum forest size equal to 0.5 ha and a crown cover greater than 10% - ). The sampling design of the INFC was based on a three-phase inventory. In the first phase, 301 300 sampling points were classified by land-cover/land-use classes through ortophoto interpretation (). In the second phase, a subsample was randomly selected from forest and other wooded land strata, according to the proportion of the land-cover class reported in the 21 Italian administrative regions (). In this phase, approximately 30 000 sample points were surveyed in the field: (i) to verify the previous classification; (ii) to discriminate forest from other wooded land; (iii) to identify different forest types (Fts); and (iv) to collect information on other qualitative attributes of the forest stands.

The INFC forest area was equal to about 8759 kha (with a standard error SE = 0.4%) and was based on the FAO-FRA 2000 forest definition (, a minimum forest size equal to 0.5 ha and a crown cover greater than 10% - ). The sampling design of the INFC was based on a three-phase inventory. In the first phase, 301 300 sampling points were classified by land-cover/land-use classes through ortophoto interpretation (). In the second phase, a subsample was randomly selected from forest and other wooded land strata, according to the proportion of the land-cover class reported in the 21 Italian administrative regions (). In this phase, approximately 30 000 sample points were surveyed in the field: (i) to verify the previous classification; (ii) to discriminate forest from other wooded land; (iii) to identify different forest types (Fts); and (iv) to collect information on other qualitative attributes of the forest stands.

Essay on Afforestation-The Need of the Hour The government ..

Afforestation and reforestation projects play a prominent role in the Italian CDM portfolio, being the sector with the second highest number of projects after energy industries. The share of A/R projects on the total of CDM projects is relatively high (12.5%) when compared with the global scenario ().

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From an assessment of eleven MRs, a general decrease in the planted areas in relation to the planned ones was found (). In particular, the monitoring report of the project “AES Tietê Afforestation/Reforestation Project in the State of São Paulo” highlights a significant planted area reduction, equivalent to more than 85% of the planned surface. Most of the area was still not planted at the MR’s editing time, but the auditor considered this a minor restriction, and he did not ask for corrective actions. Excluding this Brazilian case, the others projects show an average reduction in surface area of 11.6%.

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deforestation reforestation and afforestation essay help

For assessing how much a CDM project contributes to sustainable development, “a number of indicators, a quantitative or qualitative measure for each indicator, and weights that allow the scores for the different indicators to be aggregated into an overall measure of the extent of the contribution to sustainable development” is needed (). Only a few studies have attempted such an assessment, and they concluded that despite the number of claims in the PDDs, the contribution of the CDM to sustainable development in the host countries has been limited (, , , ). In particular, Sutter & Parreño () assessed the first 16 registered CDM projects (which includes every type of CDM), finding that a large part of the projects likely led to real and measurable emission reductions, while less than 1% were likely to contribute significantly to sustainable development in the host country, and none were fulfilling the two objectives simultaneously.

Deforestation reforestation and afforestation essay …

The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the Italian participated afforestation and reforestation CDM projects. Questions which are addressed by this overview include: where are the projects located? How large they are? Is the afforestation and reforestation a prominent component of the Italian CDM portfolio? How many tons of CO2eq do the projects fix and how many CERs do they issue? Which tree species are used, and are they native or non-native to the host countries?

Advantages of afforestation essay about myself

The main objective of this study was to estimate the stock changes of the five forest C pools for the period 1990-2020, for AR lands and at country level. To this purpose we applied the Carbon Budget Model (CBM) developed by the Canadian Forest Service () to AR lands of Italy. Two case studies for AR area were conducted, based on different literature data (, , ). Italy was considered a good country case-study because it has one of the highest annual rates of AR in the EU and because the same CBM was recently applied to the FM area of this country (). Additional specific questions addressed by this study related to: (i) the impact on the AR sink of different assumptions about species composition (often not well known for many European countries) of AR areas; (ii) the potential contribution of harvest from AR lands, relative to the total harvest at the country level; (iii) the impact of forest fires on the AR sink; (iv) the comparison of AR rates estimated by the two case studies with independent sources (eight regional forest inventories and three local studies).

Advantages of afforestation essay help - …

The main objective of this study was to estimate the stock changes of the five forest C pools for the period 1990-2020, for AR lands and at country level. To this purpose we applied the Carbon Budget Model (CBM) developed by the Canadian Forest Service () to AR lands of Italy. Two case studies for AR area were conducted, based on different literature data (, , ). Italy was considered a good country case-study because it has one of the highest annual rates of AR in the EU and because the same CBM was recently applied to the FM area of this country (). Additional specific questions addressed by this study related to: (i) the impact on the AR sink of different assumptions about species composition (often not well known for many European countries) of AR areas; (ii) the potential contribution of harvest from AR lands, relative to the total harvest at the country level; (iii) the impact of forest fires on the AR sink; (iv) the comparison of AR rates estimated by the two case studies with independent sources (eight regional forest inventories and three local studies).

Short essay on importance of afforestation

The present study focuses on young (less than 30 years old) forests. However, the INFC reports increment and volume data for the age classes ), including about 1460 equations derived from the European forest yield tables database (AFOLU database - ) and from an Italian literature review (). Because these tables were based on direct field measurements, we assumed that they can also adequately represent the evolution of standing volume in young stands, where inventory data are missing and silvicultural tretaments generally have a lower impact. We selected the equation having the minimum relative difference from the average volume per hectare reported in the INFC (considering the entire range of available age classes) for each FT and region. These equations were used to compile the YTs library applied during the model run, including 90 different YTs, based on the volume reported by INFC and the equations derived by the species-independent database.

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