Our employees are vital to our culture and performance in fulfilling the contract for the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), so we not only commit to a tradition of safety at work but strongly encourage our employees to carry this mindset beyond the workplace and into their homes and communities. Maintaining a commitment to safety means employees are trained in how to work safely and are obligated to watch out for each another, challenge and report unsafe working conditions, follow all safety policies and procedures, and never take shortcuts at the expense of safety. As a critical function of operations, ORISE’s Environment, Safety & Health office manages the safety program with a focus on: At the end of the day, safety is a part of everything we do at ORISE.
In the petroleum refining business, even a minor lapse/unsafe beha-vior by employees or contractors has the potential to lead to total disaster. Organizational efficiency is also hampered by the fact that we have inherited a number of beliefs and behaviour patterns from bygone and simpler days.
The most commonly used definition of safety culture was coined by the U.K. Health and Safety Commission: “The product of individual and group values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies, and patterns of behaviour that determine the commitment to, and the style and proficiency of, an organization’s health and safety management”
Some researchers are increasingly focusing on attitudes when defining safety, states Glendon et al, while others emphasise that safety culture is expressed through employees’ behaviour and work activities.
Human behavior is a complex subject as it is linked not only to the work-place environment but is influenced by a number of external factors. On the premise that a safety culture is largely dependent on employees’ attitudes towards safety, ARL initiated a study to measure, analyze and control unsafe behaviour in the workplace. In spite of safety management systems, policies and procedures, incident data shows that majority of misfortunes and accidents in the workplace are triggered by employees’ attitude, perceptions and patterns of behaviour such as proclivity to take shortcuts and intuitive-based decisions, bypassing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
The BSA, in 2007 carried out a thorough analysis of two years incidents and investigation data and identified that most workplace incidents occur due to unsafe and uninformed behaviour, persistence of inherited traditional beliefs and overconfidence of workers. A need was also felt to develop a tool to put all the data into a systematic format suitable for analysis, and for subsequent development of correctional plans.
Traditionally, safety management has been top-down driven, with a tendency to make line managers responsible. This means that floor level workers are most likely to engage in unsafe behavior or to be hurt as they are detached from the safety improvement process. A behavioural-based safety approach is ‘bottom-up’ so that those who are most likely to be hurt are actively engaged in eliminating the occur-rence of unsafe behaviours. Without the entire workforce’s involvement, ownership of, and commitment to the process, such initiatives are most likely to fail.
The BSA first reviewed the behaviour audit systems of different industrial organizations and analyzed the feasibility of their adoption and implementation at ARL. Eventually, however, BSA developed an in-house question-naire on “Behavioral Safety at Workplace”, which was used as a basis for ARL’s behaviour-based study.
This policy is accessible for all adults, staff and parents and also children.
This policy has a positive approach to discipline and is a whole school approach with a
clearly defined code of conduct and effective communication systems and clearly showing the roles of different staff and of parents and children in this process.
Other policies which include promoting positive behaviour are found in Equal Opportunities Policy , Health and Safety policy and also in the classroom rules which are often on poster cards around the classroom to remind everyone how to treat others and how to act appropriately in the classroom and playground and around the school premises.
Feel safe – Children and adults know that there is an agreement with the procedures in the policy and so they c...(short extract)To download the full answer, please or then make a payment or submit 3 of your essays.
A safety culture is directly dependent on the attitude of employees towards safety – proposes Attock Refinery Limited (ARL). Below it presents an initiative to encourage, promote and instill safe behaviour among its employees, in this case, through the introduction of behavior-based safety concepts and customized process control solutions.
The findings of the study were used by ARL to prioritize training needs for groups of workers, based on their behavioural patterns. The study identified and revealed employees’ attitudes, behavioural patterns and potential to engage in unsafe behavior.
This essay will describe in detail the different perspectives held within behaviourism from classical conditioning to the social learning theory and discuss the strengths and weakness surrounding these theories....