Social Stratification research papers define the concept as a hierarchal system that society uses to rank and categorize people. In the United States there are four main elements that comprise social stratification:
Based on these elements of stratification, the has developed in America. Class systems are based on individual achievement, and is the foundation of the class system. It is social stratification that helps us understand the complex dynamics between race, class and ethnicity.
Before starting the analysis of long-term influence of plantocracy on the Caribbean society, it is necessary to discuss the process of abolishment on the Islands. This process was not fast and easy. As was stated above, the rebellions of slaves have been happened more frequently. Many scholars agree that British authorities abolished the slavery mainly because they could hardly control the situation. Generally speaking, rebellions were not successful because every new power on plantations had to restore the production of sugar or loose the means of subsistence. However, on Haiti former French officer Toussaint Louverture abolished the slavery in 1801, and implemented the system of fermage against former slavery.
Though Toussaint was arrested and died in the prison, three years after Haiti became the first black republic in the world. English-speaking Caribbeans came through the sixth-years periods of emancipation. But even after this period independent Caribbean were ruled by sugar plantation companies. In some colonies workers from East India took place of former African slaves, but some plantation owners depleted the resources of their land, so the new authorities did not need work forces. Even these days the balance of population of different races could tell about the situation on this location in the period of abolishment. And this is the most important heritage of former plantocracy. “Most important of all, however, was the influence that the slaves them¬selves had on English Caribbean socioeconomic patterns both during and after slavery. Despite the intentional jumbling of Africans by the traders and slave-owners, Afro-Caribbean slaves quickly reconstituted kinship networks, beginning as early as the ‘shipmate bond’ yet soon reinforced by more or less inevitable endogamy and the sense of belonging to a localized plantation community (Craton, 60).”
This rule is valid for a high percentage of Americans; but looking only at economic stratification especially misses the point when it comes to the gap between the Old Money social elite and the New Money elite.
All Caribbean societies are economically stratified (Simpson 1962) and racially heterogeneous, and many contain diverse and identifiable ethnic groups. Ethnic and racial succession, fostered particularly by the plantation system, has produced some societies whose ethnic groupings are also largely distinct physically and whose behaviors may differ along ethnic, as well as class, lines. Where behavioral differences in forms of mating and domestic organization, religious persuasion and practice, language or dialect, and values express the presence of different institutional subsystems within a single Caribbean society, some analysts have labeled the society “plural” (M. G. Smith 1955), suggesting societal similarities with such Old World societies as Malaya, Fiji, or Mauritius.
European and North American political and economic interest in the Caribbean continues under significantly changed circumstances. The existence of socialist Cuba and its links to the communist powers of Europe and Asia; the debate over Puerto Rico’s eventual status; the declining influence of the United States; the role of the new island nations, the greatly increased European interest in the economic possibilities of Caribbean trade; and the growing ideological ties among underdeveloped countries everywhere are all part of the new situation.
Since the war, political events occurring in the Caribbean include the emergence of a revolutionary socialist state in Cuba, the fall of the dictatorial Trujillo regime in the Dominican Republic, and the rise of the Duvalier political monolith in Haiti. Oil and oil refining have brought relative prosperity to Trinidad and the Dutch offshore islands; Puerto Rico’s Operation Bootstrap, lubricated by private and official capital and aided by unimpeded immigration to the United States, has facilitated limited industrialization and brought about a sharp rise in living standards; bauxite mining in Jamaica has improved that country’s economic position; and the growth of the tourist industry has benefited most of the Caribbean except (for political reasons) Cuba, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic.
Social inequality refers to the existence of social inequalities created such as ownership, types of occupation that creates differences in wealth, income and power, while social stratification refers to the existence of social groups.
For issues, the social stratification is determined by individual’s achievements and qualification, next the affiliation with or membership in certain groups and this two points or factors interact but the importance of one versus the other varies by business function and by culture....
For most of Caribbean history the major basis of colonial economic and social organization was the plantation system. Its nature can be delineated in terms of five major types: (1) the Mediterranean (e.g., Canary Islands) archetype, introduced experimentally by Spain in all the Greater Antilles (c. 1512−1560); (2) an intensified north European variant, developed by the English and French in Barbados, Guadeloupe, and elsewhere (c. 1640–1660); (3) the enlarged north European plantation, launched by these and other powers in both Greater and Lesser Antilles (c. 1655−1790); (4) the modified transfer of the enlarged form to the Hispanic Caribbean (c. 1790−1882); and (5) the corporate land-and-factory combine, pioneered by the United States in Cuba and Puerto Rico and by European powers elsewhere (post 1899).
Buccaneering, a third type of marauding, began early in the seventeenth century and disappeared before 1800. Its original aim was settlement. Many buccaneers were Frenchmen (often religious and political dissenters) who occupied northwestern Hispaniola about 1620, and later, when harassed by the Spaniards, moved off the north coast to lie de la Tortue. As the first non-Spaniards to settle in the Greater Antilles, the buccaneers eventually threatened Spain more than did pirates and privateers. They lived by killing semiferal cattle and selling tallow, hides, and barbecued meat to passing ships. The buccaneers maintained a martial, predatory, and largely womanless form of society by constant recruitment of anti-Spanish volunteers; attacked by the Spaniards, they turned sailors, using small, fast barks to attack Spanish ports and shipping. After 1640 Britain and France dispatched colonial governors to Tortue, thus transforming buccaneering into an arm of official policy. As north European power expanded in the Caribbean, the buccaneers were stamped out or assimilated into colonial officialdom.