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An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

Failing to reference appropriately could result in your assessors thinking you are guilty of plagiarism - the act of using somebody else's work or ideas as your own.

This gives the full details for the information source so that it can be traced by anyone who reads your work.
Evidence must be from authoritive sources!

The Harvard System
There are many systems for the citation of references.
Most Faculties at Anglia Ruskin University expect students to use the Harvard style of referencing -which is an author and date system.

A two part reference system
In-text - citing within the assignment script- author's surname and year of publication
Reference list at the end of the assignment- full details of the document eg a book

In-text citation

Ch.2.An in-text reference for the above example would read:

Available at: An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

An in-text reference for the above example would read:

If you're a student and have ever had to write Reports, Essays or a Thesis, you will have had to reference what you have used in your report. If you mention something that someone else has written, you need to give them credit by referencing their work.



According to Cormack (1994, pp.32-33), writers should be encouraged to reference published research when addressing professional readership.
An indirect reference

An in-text reference for the above example would read:

The original source of the data used in the table in Brown's book was the National Statistics Office, 1985.

If you quote from this table in the text of your essay - treat as secondary referencing:

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

Guide to project management, Anglia Ruskin University, unpublished.
(See appendix X)

An in-text reference for the above example would read:


Course material - electronic

The required elements for a reference are:

Lecturer/Author, Initials., Year.

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An in-text reference for the above examples would read:


An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

Available through: Anglia Ruskin University Library website
For an open access e-book freely available over the internet such as through Google books

The required elements for a reference are:

Author, Initials., Year.

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:


When using subject specific or non-generic dictionaries, the author/editor can be used as author, and the referencing guidelines for a book can be followed.

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

London: Faber and Faber.

An in-text reference for the above example would read:


With a recommendation to mention Darwin and the original date in the text, but including Leakey as the in-text citation.

An in-text reference for the above example would read:

England's Whetstone named FEE's first "Blinking Lights" award recipient.. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 July 2014].
*URL means Uniform Resource Locator - an address identifying the location of a file on the Internet

If a URL is exceedingly long, or the result of a personal search on a website, you can give the website's home page address with the routing or web path, showing your reader how to get from the home page to the specific page you have referenced.

It is good practice to keep in your files a copy of the first page of any web pages you use.

Harvard referencing guide - Essay UK

London: Palgrave Macmillian.
An in-text reference for the above example would read:


For classical works which have been abridged or introduced by a noted writer.

with the example of a Harvard format essay written by one of our ..



When using an image from a book or journal article, to provide enhancement within an essay or a PowerPoint presentation, an in text reference should be included within the essay text or on the slide, and a full reference included at the end of the piece of work.

In-text

Harvard Referencing Guide - UK Essays

Different types of publication require different amounts of information but there are certain common elements such as authorship, year of publication and title, which should be included.

The Harvard style lays down standards for the order and content of information in the reference.

Harvard Referencing - essay writing help from Essay…



Where the author is not known, begin the reference with the

Where none of the usual details are known, (such as author, date, or image title) try to find the filename of the image (for example by right clicking and looking at the properties of the file).

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