quivering me to a new identity,
Flames and ether making a rush for my veins,
Treacherous tip of me reaching and crowding to help them,
My flesh and blood playing out lightning to strike what is hardly
different from myself,
On all sides prurient provokers stiffening my limbs,
Straining the udder of my heart for its withheld drip,
Behaving licentious toward me, taking no denial,
Depriving me of my best as for a purpose,
Unbuttoning my clothes, holding me by the bare waist,
Deluding my confusion with the calm of the sunlight and pasture-fields,
Immodestly sliding the fellow-senses away,
They bribed to swap off with touch and go and graze at the edges of me,
No consideration, no regard for my draining strength or my anger,
Fetching the rest of the herd around to enjoy them a while,
Then all uniting to stand on a headland and worry me.
'The landing of the Orkney Expedition on the continent of North America', he concluded, 'is as definitely dated as to year, month, and day, as the landing of Christopher Columbus on an island in the West Indies.'
You will do the rest in pairs.
The painting on Document 4 shows Columbus and other European explorers walking on the land they discovered in the Americas.
Document 4 helps prove Columbus was a hero because it illustrates him as a leader finding new land for the people of Europe.
Barlow seems to think Columbus was educated and that he had "courage and perseverance".
Barlow says Columbus found a new half of the world, spread wealth to the new half, and spread commerce and civilization to the whole world.
Document 2 helps prove Columbus was a hero because he possessed several heroic traits and because he helped spread civilization to the whole world.
Kammen is saying that societies remake their pasts rather than record the truth in order to meet the needs of the modern culture of a society.
Document 5 helps prove Columbus was a villain because it explains that societies sometimes leave out the truth from their history; meaning the truth about Columbus is not something people are proud of.
The petitioners oppose the celebration of Columbus Day because it is Euro-centric and ignores the fact that there were people in America before he "discovered" it.
Document 3 helps prove Columbus is a villain because he was not the first one to discover America and because what we know about him now "would seriously tarnish his image".
The natives were nearly wiped out due to conquest, slavery, and death.
Document 6 helps prove Columbus is a villain because it explains how nearly 2.4 million natives were killed due to the Europeans
Carroll considers Columbus the greatest explorer of all time because he was the first European to set off directly into an unknown sea and found land on the other side.
Carroll disagrees with the critics because, according to Carroll's definition of "discovery", Columbus did indeed discover America and the people there for Europe.
Document 7 helps prove Columbus was a hero because he ventured into an unknown sea and found land and people new to Europeans.
Doc 2 covers his character traits and accomplishments.
Doc 4 illustrates him as a heroic explorer.
Doc 7 explains that he was the greatest explorer of all time.
Doc 1 explains how he was only interested in gold.
Doc 3 explains that he wasn't the first to discover America.
Doc 5 explains how societies leave out the bad parts of their history.
Doc 6 describes how many natives died as a result of Columbus' visits to the Americas.
European cartographers also began reading a book written by al-Idrisi, an Arab geographer.
If they could find a way around Africa, they could get to Asia.
Objectives & Agenda
I will be able to...
-express my argument for today's guiding question in a thesis statement.
-provide evidence for my thesis in two body paragraphs.
-conclude my argument in one concise sentence.
a) Was Christopher Columbus a hero or a villain?
Body Paragraph Writing
Concluding Sentence Writing
Body Paragraph Writing
This essay will require two body paragraphs (one for each of the reasons in your thesis).
These are used to provide evidence for your argument.
Columbus was a hero because he was the greatest European Explorer.
We are going to explore this issue while practicing reading and writing skills learned in your ELA and History classes.
Document number: One complete sentence explaining WHY the document belongs this category.
We will do the first one together!
Magnifying and applying come I,
Outbidding at the start the old cautious hucksters,
Taking myself the exact dimensions of Jehovah,
Lithographing Kronos, Zeus his son, and Hercules his grandson,
Buying drafts of Osiris, Isis, Belus, Brahma, Buddha,
In my portfolio placing Manito loose, Allah on a leaf, the crucifix
With Odin and the hideous-faced Mexitli and every idol and image,
Taking them all for what they are worth and not a cent more,
Admitting they were alive and did the work of their days,
(They bore mites as for unfledg'd birds who have now to rise and fly
and sing for themselves,)
Accepting the rough deific sketches to fill out better in myself,
bestowing them freely on each man and woman I see,
Discovering as much or more in a framer framing a house,
Putting higher claims for him there with his roll'd-up sleeves
driving the mallet and chisel,
Not objecting to special revelations, considering a curl of smoke or
a hair on the back of my hand just as curious as any revelation,
Lads ahold of fire-engines and hook-and-ladder ropes no less to me
than the gods of the antique wars,
Minding their voices peal through the crash of destruction,
Their brawny limbs passing safe over charr'd laths, their white
foreheads whole and unhurt out of the flames;
By the mechanic's wife with her babe at her nipple interceding for
every person born,
Three scythes at harvest whizzing in a row from three lusty angels
with shirts bagg'd out at their waists,
The snag-tooth'd hostler with red hair redeeming sins past and to come,
Selling all he possesses, traveling on foot to fee lawyers for his
brother and sit by him while he is tried for forgery;
What was strewn in the amplest strewing the square rod about me, and
not filling the square rod then,
The bull and the bug never worshipp'd half enough,
Dung and dirt more admirable than was dream'd,
The supernatural of no account, myself waiting my time to be one of
The day getting ready for me when I shall do as much good as the
best, and be as prodigious;
By my life-lumps!
'It seems certain', says Lucas, 'that the whole of this story is pure fiction, built up by Zeno the younger from the Columbus letters, Vespucci's letters of 1503 and 1504', and various other works.
Also, for people to open their eyes and see Christopher Columbus not as a hero or an admiral, but as the cruel, heartless villain that encouraged genocide and took what wasn?t his.
To the contrary, historians who have done more research on Columbus say that he was driven by fame and fortune and that he was tyrannical in his ways with the indigenous peoples of the places that he came to find....
proves that Columbus was a hero/villain
You will put all of today's work on the same sheet of paper (this, along with your chart from the last lesson) will be collected at the end of the lesson.
You now have time to write the final draft of your essay on a loose sheet of paper.
The Muslim Arabs were the only ones to influence exploration.
What is a thesis statement?
-introduce the paragraph
-explain your evidence
-tie it back to your thesis
Columbus was a hero/villain because...
Document # explains that...
This means that...
Therefore, the fact that ....
I understand the large hearts of heroes,
The courage of present times and all times,
How the skipper saw the crowded and rudderless wreck of the
steamship, and Death chasing it up and down the storm,
How he knuckled tight and gave not back an inch, and was faithful of
days and faithful of nights,
And chalk'd in large letters on a board, Be of good cheer, we will
not desert you;
How he follow'd with them and tack'd with them three days and
would not give it up,
How he saved the drifting company at last,
How the lank loose-gown'd women look'd when boated from the
side of their prepared graves,
How the silent old-faced infants and the lifted sick, and the
sharp-lipp'd unshaved men;
All this I swallow, it tastes good, I like it well, it becomes mine,
I am the man, I suffer'd, I was there.
This means that Columbus did things no other explorer from Europe did.
Therefore, the fact that Columbus was the greatest European explorer proves that he was a hero.
We use a concluding sentence to wrap up our argument for the reader.
You are essentially rephrasing your thesis.
The positive characteristics of Christopher Columbus along with the fact that he was the greatest European explorer proves that Columbus was a hero.
Your final essays and hero/villain charts are due on the way out the door.
Which of the following would best support the paragraph above?