Detailing Lambek’s trajectory as one anthropologist thinking deeply throughout a career on the nature of ethical life, the essays accumulate into a vibrant demonstration of the relevance of ethics as a practice and its crucial importance to ethnography, social theory, and philosophy.
Organized chronologically, the essays begin among Malagasy speakers on the island of Mayotte and in northwest Madagascar.
The Ethics of What We Eat was a Top Ten bestseller in Australia and is published in the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Brazil, Portugal, and South Korea. It is also published in Spain in the Catalan language and is in press in France.
Third, a new wing of economic and legislative thinking in all fields of ethics (e.g. in medicine and environmental issues) has also transformed the line of thought towards businesses, from perceiving them as mechanisms for creating value to active members of the society with individual sets of responsibilities.
As mentioned earlier, issues of business ethics have a long history, and are thoroughly referred to in civilian and religious writings. Throughout the various forms of commerce, matters such as competition, accurate reporting and pricing (to name a few) are part of all major transcripts, including Aristotle, the Old Testament, the Koran and even appear in Buddhist writings. However, this interest in business ethics has grown significantly during the 20th century, reaching a peak today due to several main reasons:
First and foremost is the unique role of corporations in the modern society. This form of business, whose economic and social power may be immense and involves numerous stakeholders, motivated further thinking regarding the means in which possible negative influence of corporations can be restricted.
As the theoretical and practical efforts in the field of business ethics surround virtually all aspects of business conduct, there is also a great variety within this science. Some of the main issues that occupy business ethics scholars are:
As one reads these essays, one begins to engage not only with the evolution of Lambek’s thought but with the pivotal controversies that mark the emergence of a vigorous debate on ethics, freedom, obligation, and the making of the moral person in anthropology.
Building from ethnographic accounts there, they synthesize Aristotelian notions of practical judgment and virtuous action with Wittgensteinian notions of the ordinariness of ethical life and the importance of language, everyday speech, and ritual in order to understand how ethics are lived.
To have produced such a lovely and invaluable resource is its own reward, but we’re nonetheless extremely pleased to share that the Modern Language Assoc
is the second companion volume to Rabbi Jonathan Sacks’s celebrated series . Believing the Hebrew Bible to be the ultimate blueprint for Western morality, Rabbi Sacks embarks upon an ethical exploration of the weekly Torah portion, uncovering its message of truth and justice, dignity and compassion, forgiveness and love.
As the author of many books, Peter knows how to compose a book and then how to pitch the idea to a publisher. He suggested that we look at the way Americans eat, note their food choices, and trace some examples back to the farm. We would follow those foods from farm to the families’ plates and discuss the ethical concerns raised along the way. We decided to look for families whose food choices reflected a range of ethical concerns: from very strict to very little. We chose three diets: vegan, conscientious carnivore, and standard American diet. We pitched the idea to publishers, and Rodale bought it in February 2003.
The argument for this position is richly developed across the essays in this collection and rooted in Lambek’s exemplary, detailed ethnography and fine readings of a distinctive range of thinkers.
At first, we considered a rewrite and update of Animal Factories, but rather quickly concluded that we couldn’t get the same kind of access to factory farms that we had back in the late 1970s. Today’s factory farms operators, having faced decades of critics and bad press, are on the defensive and have — as we would soon find out — closed ranks and slammed doors to inquiring reporters. Peter thought that our focus on factory farms had effectively made its case, that the word was out now in the mainstream media, and that we should enlarge the scope of the book beyond industrial animal agriculture. We began to discuss covering the broader range of modern farming and food production and the major ethical concerns presented. Now the question became: what kind of a book? How to make such material interesting?
Having a good work ethic can change a lot of other aspects in your life. Before I learned a lesson about good work ethics, I was very frustrated with my job. Work was the last thing on my mind. I did not care if I showed up late or did not show up at all. I was lucky I did not lose my job. When I did show up, I tended to act rude towards the customers if they had any problems or gave me any reason to be mad. I watched the clock for my time to leave and it only made the time drag on longer. I was about to quit my job without looking for another job first. I also got angry when someone would ask me to do anything besides what I was doing in my station.
Moral behavior in the face of immoral environment: a significant test for the firm’s ethical behavior is the nature of business transactions when the environment does not enforce high standards, thus enables ethically questionable (and maybe more profitable) conduct. Examples may include environmental issues (e.g. CO emissions), human rights (e.g. child labor), safety in the workplace, discrimination and sexual harassment.