There are strong emotional reactions to cloning human beings, however thereare also good arguments to be made both for and against cloning. These should be used to informour thinking and moderate our emotional reaction.
The cloning of human beings is also dangerous. There has only been one success in sheep cloning. This was after failing for 276 times. Cloned human embryos have been killed in research laboratories (Pinon 507). Consequently, genetic screenings are normally undertaken together with cloned tissues from human. Any embryo that does not pass is normally killed. Due to this, many people argues that cloning has negative aspects to human beings (Sherlock and John 576).
Suppose, then, that we had already reached the stage at which human cloning was safe in this sense. Would there be any reason to disallow it? We share the dissatisfaction of defenders of legalizing cloning with most of the standard arguments against cloning. But we believe that the pro-cloning arguments are also problematic, and fail to deal with a potentially important objection. In Section I of this paper we shall briefly explain our dissatisfaction with the standard anti-cloning arguments. In Section II we shall criticize the claim that there is a right to clone when that is either the only feasible, or simply the most efficient way, for someone to reproduce. In Section III we shall build on the critique developed in Section II to develop an anti-cloning argument that we think has more power than those surveyed in part one. We do not claim that cloning is wrong, but that making it available to people might lead to worse consequences than prohibiting it, and that since there is no right to clone it is appropriate to take these consequences into account when considering whether to prohibit it. We should emphasize that although our argument provides a powerful reason for prohibiting cloning even if cloning were completely safe, we are open to the possibility that other reasons in favor of allowing cloning might outweigh our reason against. In section 4, we consider two objections to our argument. Our concluding comments contain reflection on the methodological issues raised by the paper.
In conclusion, because humancloning is unnatural, unethical and we cannot know the real intentions ofpeople who are in this process, in getting clones of themselves or cloningothers, I am against human cloning. We are –as human beings- unique and I thinkwe should save our uniqueness, although technology tries to offer us somefeatures such as immortality.
Another ethical issue with regards to human cloning is that, it is an assault to human procreation (Pinon 506). Assisted reproductive technologies are affronts to human dignity. This is because cloning leaves does not prove human procreation. It is a completely artificial reproductive technology (Pinon 506).
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And finally medicine with thehelp of technology has developed its most extreme product, the human being!Some say that it is a big step towards immortality, while some claim that it issomething unnatural. I do not know what the majority thinks, but I definitelydisagree with the idea of human cloning.
Firstly, why would anyone want toclone himself/herself?Is it becausethey think that they are of great importance for this world or humanity, orbecause they want to live longer and longer and try to be immortal? Whateverthe reason is, in my opinion, human cloning is against the nature of humanbeings, because we are unique. As a result of human cloning, human beings withthe dream of being immortal will be moved away from their uniqueness and naturalness.
If many people had the same DNA, how would we preserve our diversity and sense of self?
Human cloning also raises many ethical and moral issues.
Besides being unnatural, I thinkhuman cloning is also unethical. We should also look from the point of view ofthe clones. As a clone, he/she will be the copy of someone and it won’t behim/her who has decided to be cloned. What about the clones’ feelings andrights? In my opinion cloning is a form of slavery which may cause infractionof clone’s rights and may hurt their feelings. Who wants to be clone anyway?
Argumentative Essay: School Uniform. The idea of school uniforms seems like an antiquated concept for many North Americans. Unless a child attends private
A from the Witherspoon Council on Ethics and the Integrity of Science, a bioethics group consisting of several former members of George W. Bush's President's Council on Bioethics, makes the case for banning both reproductive and therapeutic cloning. The terms '' and 'therapeutic cloning' are not the ones used in the report, which opts instead for the terms 'cloning-to-produce-children' and 'cloning-for-biomedical-research'. As the report argues, the distinction between therapeutic and reproductive cloning is misleading because the creation of a cloned embryo is always a reproductive act – the embryo is a new organism, the progeny of the source from which it was cloned. And therapeutic cloning is never therapeutic for the cloned embryo, which is destroyed, and is not necessarily therapeutic for any particular patients.
Michael Soules, a professor and director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the University of Washington, concurs with the idea that reproductive human cloning is unethical....
What is Animal Cloning?
Animal Cloning is the process by which an entire organism is reproduced from a single cell taken from the parent organism and in a genetically identical manner. This means the cloned animal is an exact duplicate in every way of its parent; it has the same exact DNA.
Cloning happens quite frequently in nature. Asexual reproduction in certain organisms and the development of twins from a single fertilized egg are both instances of Cloning.
With the advancement of biological technology, it is now possible to artificially recreate the process of Animal Cloning.
Development of Animal Cloning in the Lab
Scientists have been attempting to clone animals for a very long time. Many of the early attempts came to nothing. The first fairly successful results in animal cloning were seen when tadpoles were cloned from frog embryonic cells. This was done by the process of nuclear transfer. The tadpoles so created did not survive to grown into mature frogs, but it was a major breakthrough nevertheless.
After this, using the process of nuclear transfer on embryonic cells, scientists managed to produce clones of mammals. Again the cloned animals did not live very long. The first successful instance of animal cloning was that of Dolly the Sheep, who not only lived but went on to reproduce herself and naturally. Dolly was created by Ian Wilmut and his team at the Roslyn Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1997. Unlike previous instances, she was not created out of a developing embryonic cell, but from a developed mammary gland cell taken from a full-grown sheep.
Since then Scientists have been successful in producing a variety of other animals like rats, cats, horses, bullocks, pigs, deer, etc. You can even clone human beings now and that has given rise to a whole new ethical debate. Is it okay to duplicate nature to this extent? Is it okay to produce human clones? What would that do to the fabric of our society?
The Process of Animal Cloning
Initial attempts at artificially induced Animal Cloning were done using developing embryonic cells. The DNA nucleus was extracted from an embryonic cell and implanted into an unfertilized egg, from which the existing nucleus had already been removed. The process of fertilization was simulated by giving an electric shock or by some chemical treatment method. The cells that developed from this artificially induced union were then implanted into host mothers. The cloned animal that resulted had a genetic make-up exactly identical to the genetic make-up of the original cell.
Since Dolly, of course, it is now possible to create clones from non-embryonic cells.
Now animal cloning can be done both for reproductive and non-reproductive or therapeutic purposes. In the second case, cloning is done to produce stem cells or other such cells that can be used for therapeutic purposes, for example, for healing or recreating damaged organs; the intention is not to duplicate the whole organism.
Ethics of Animal Cloning
While most scientists consider the process of animal cloning as a major break through and see many beneficial possibilities in it, many people are uncomfortable with the idea, considering it to be 'against nature' and ethically damning, particularly in the instance of cloning human beings.
The truth is that most of the general public are not aware of the exact details involved in cloning and as a result there are a lot of misconceptions about the entire matter.
In recent times, there have been a spurt of new laws banning or regulating cloning around the world. In some countries, animal cloning is allowed, but not human cloning. Some advocacy groups are seeking to ban therapeutic cloning, even if this could potentially save people from many debilitating illnesses.
Points against Animal Cloning
In a large percentage of cases, the cloning process fails in the course of pregnancy or some sort of birth defects occur, for example, as in a recent case, a calf born with two faces. Sometimes the defects manifest themselves later and kill the clone.
Points for Animal Cloning
On the favorable side with successful animal cloning - particularly cloning from an adult animal - you know exactly how your clone is going to turn out. This becomes especially useful when the whole intention behind cloning is to save a certain endangered species from becoming totally extinct.
That this is possible was shown by cloning an Indian Gaur in 2001. The cloned Gaur, Noah, died of complications not related to the cloning procedure.