The so-called "information age" is gradually spreading its influence to the realm of religion, namely, in the methods religions use for teaching, proselytizing, and in belief systems. Particularly noteworthy developments include the fact that it is now possible for any religion to spread beyond national borders, allowing even small new religious movements to engage in overseas proselytization activities, and leading to new, hitherto unseen religious developments. This rapid acceleration of the "information age" is now producing a phenomenon which can be called the "globalization of religion."
Although it is impossible to estimate how this process will develop in the future, it is likely that religious information will increasingly circulate in ways different from those formerly known, new types of religious organization will be formed, and the contents of their activities and teachings will experience a more turbulent rate of change than before. In this sense, religion overall is facing a great turning point.
It is argued that archaic globalization did not function in a similar manner to modern globalization because states were not as interdependent on others as they are today.
Also posited is a 'multi-polar' nature to archaic globalization, which involved the active participation of non-Europeans.
This is one of the driving forces behind global connections and trade; without either globalization would not have emerged the way it did and states would still be dependent on their own production and resources to function.
Because it predated the Great Divergence of the nineteenth century, in which Western Europe pulled ahead of the rest of the world in terms of industrial production and economic output, archaic globalization was a phenomenon that was driven not only by Europe but also by other economically developed Old World centers such as Gujurat, Bengal, coastal China and Japan.
Portuguese carrack in Nagasaki, 17th-century Japanese Nanban art
The German historical economist and sociologist Andre Gunder Frank argues that a form of globalization began with the rise of trade links between Sumer and the Indus Valley Civilization in the third millennium B.C.E.
Due to the development of containerization for ocean shipping, transportation costs are reduced to a great extent, lowering the cost of products in world markets.
Globalization has promoted tourism to great heights.
International trade among different countries also helps in increasing the number of tourists that visit different places around the world.
Globalization has helped in bringing about integrity and social understanding everywhere.
For instance, now India is the largest Jesuit province.
So the Jesuits today are not anymore a Western order, but they are predominant more in Africa, Asia, Latin America, which of course [also] happened to the global church.
They present an alternative model of globalization to what would be called capitalist globalization.
Q: Have you discovered any lessons from the Jesuit past for the church today?
Perhaps not lessons, but at least it opens up the idea that there are simply different ways of globalizing.
And so the idea [of the Jesuits and Globalization Project] is to look for which aspects of their historical contributions are still of interest for us today as we are facing these global questions, and then use this tradition to help the global church reflect upon the challenges they have today.
I think that partly the Jesuits themselves do not reflect enough upon their own tradition.
Thus, it has ensured that people do not get discriminated with regard to country, caste, creed or sex.
With the advent of globalization, there has been an immense increase in the transportation of goods and services worldwide.
Due to globalization, there is also an understanding between security agencies and police of two or more different countries who come together to curb global terrorism.
With the help of globalization, there is opportunity for corporate, national, and sub-national borrowers to have better access to external finance, with facilities such as external commercial borrowing and syndicated loans.
It is a common belief that globalization plays a role just at international levels of trade and commerce, but the fact is that it has played an important role in making our lives much more comfortable too.
However, there is an urgent need to address all those concerns which can make globalization a tool for developed countries to gain an upper hand over developing countries.
The world leaders need to give every country, irrespective of its economic and military status its due right in the comity of nations.
Then the Catholic kings forced the pope to dissolve the order, because they were too global, too transnational.
For me, the interesting thing is that in the last 50, 60 years, we’re entering a new phase of globalization which doesn’t have a Western center but is much more open to what we call multiple modalities.
And the Jesuits have become again interesting global players in global education.