A survey of the history of Jane Eyre literary criticism, however, reveals that Victorians haven’t been the only ones exercised about the novel’s religiosity. In the last half century, the early questions of religious orthodoxy have morphed into questions of religious authenticity. Modern critics have debated whether the visible religious tropes in Jane Eyre are sincere or satirical. While a generation of scholars has argued that the novel parodies Christian paradigms in its subversive attack on patriarchal power structures, dozens of recent critics have drawn from Bronte’s historical religious context to demonstrate that Jane’s journey is in fact an authentic spiritual pilgrimage.
Hence, this study concludes with a historicized reading of the novel that fully accounts for both its religious heterodoxy and its religious authenticity. Bronte drew extensively from a widely disseminated popular nineteenth-century literary genre—Protestant conversion narratives modeled after The Pilgrim’s Progress—to frame Jane’s development and destination. By reading the novel alongside these contemporary narratives, Jane Eyre emerges as a cohesive “pilgrimage of two souls toward a common shrine.”13 At the center of Jane’s pilgrimage is a heterodox creed of universal salvation, blocking her path is the snare of relational idolatry, and awaiting the successful completion of her journey is the bliss of Edenic marriage.
Orphan Jane Eyre becomes a governess and falls in love with her employer, the dark and disturbing Mr. Rochester. Her life becomes more complicated when she runs away from a terrifying secret in Rochester's house and is faced with another option for her life.
Characters: Jane Eyre, Helen, Mr. Rochester, Mr. St. John, Hannah, Diana, Mr. Brocklehurst
Keywords: gothic, governess, orphan
If you’re stuck for answers, then maybe you should read this study guide. For the price of a chocolate bar, you can become an expert on one of the greatest novels in the language. This is an extremely useful guide to Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre. It is ideal for students studying the text for A Level or equivalent qualification, but will be helpful to able GCSE students looking for high marks. This guide really encourages students to think for themselves with searching, open-ended questions: this helps to develop personal responses which are vital to attaining higher grades.
A jilted lover skirts the edges of time and place as she walks the streets of London at night; a woman returns to the scene of her honeymoon without her husband; a bereft daughter traces her relationship with her mother as she slowly packs up a house in the afternoon of death. In this brilliant collection of intimate and intense stories, Michèle Roberts takes us to nineteenth-century Venice, 1970s England, modern-day France and beyond. Here are Tristram and Isolde with a twist; George Sand, sick in Venice with her unfaithful lover; and the bitter maid taking care of young Adèle-both forced out of Rocherster's home to make way for the passions of Jane Eyre... With her subversive, often witty exploration of women's desires, memory, grief, love and betrayal, Michèle Roberts demonstrates once again why she remains one of Britain's most invigorating writers.
Genevieve is a homeless orphan, very much in the tradition of Jane Eyre, searching for a home even as she is driven out of one house after the other. She finds shelter in the household of a poet, Gerard, a figure inspired by the biographies of both Flaubert and Mallarme. All the women in Gerard's life start to compare stories, with startling and subversive results. Set in Normandy just before the First World War, the novel explores the relationship of history to myth and how these come together in secret, subterranean worlds.
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