Humanism places the person at the origin, the center and the end of society and of every activity within it. A comprehensive view of the human being and the centrality of the person, which characterizes humanism, can make a valuable contribution to our society and, in particular, to the economic and business world. Humanism proposed by the Catholic tradition sees the person as a perfectible being, called to self-development. This calling makes full sense within a transcendent humanism, which gives to man his greatest possible perfection. Humanism challenges economic and business activity and their management. In the last part, the editors explain the structure of this book and introduce the authors of this collective work and their respective contributions.
The next of these objections is that of “…dwelling on human degradation, with pointing up everywhere the sordid, shady, and slimy, and neglecting the gracious and beautiful, the bright side of human nature…” (341) As Sartre explains, the objection is essentially that existentialisms focuses on the “evil” or dreary side of life.
The Christians then raise the objection that existentialism focuses on the hopelessness of the human situation and as a result, the philosophy leaves little ambition for action.
Definition of Existentialism
In any case, what can be said from the very beginning is that by existentialism we mean a doctrine that makes human life possible and, in addition, declares that every truth and every action implies a human setting and a human subjectivity.
What complicates matters is that there are two kinds of existentialism; first, those who are Christian, among whom I would include Jaspers and Gabriel Marcel, both Catholic; and on the other hand the atheistic existentialists among whom I class Heidegger, and then the French existentialists [presumably Camus, Merleau-Ponty, etc.] and myself.
Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence: This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self, and is no more that what he is.
Each author uses the characteristics of Existentialism positively or negatively to define their own story as well as their characters as true Existentialists or not Existentialism has been described as a philosophical movement especially of the 20th cent...
Existentialism is defined as a belief in which an individual is ultimately in charge of placing meaning into their life, and that life alone is meaningless.
(Descartes famous formula) 2) Subjectivity as philosophical starting point (existentialism) is the only theory that a) does not (i.e., essentialistically, in a predetermined manner) reduce man to an object (objectification into an ensemble of determined reactions in no way distinguished from the ensemble of qualities and phenomena which constitute a table or a chair or a stone.); and the only theory that b) accords man as an ensemble of values distinct from the material realm, as a free, responsible, historical configuration or existence (pp.
Hamlet is an existentialist character who believes that he is forced to avenge his father’s death and the hatred builds in his heart because of the many betrayals which direct him towards a senseless life and constant thoughts about suicide; this ultimately leads to his demise and he is left with naught....
The dictionary defines existentialism as an individual’s experience filled with isolation in a hostile universe where a human being attempts to find true self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility.
Subjectivism means, on the one hand, that an individual chooses and makes himself; and, on the other, that it is impossible for man to transcend human subjectivity.
Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, a precise definition is impossible; however, it suggests one major theme: a stress on individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice .
[italics added] Thus, existentialisms first move is to make every man aware of what he is and to make the full responsibility of his existence rest on him. (p.