William Booth was a Methodist preacher. He would found a movement, The Salvation Army, which still, today, accepts a deep responsibility for providing practical help (in Booth's words, 'soup, soap and salvation') to the poor . His practical approach to poverty was based on the tried and true principles of Methodism . Their influence on both policies and practice in 'reforming the poor' would lead to the development of 'welfare' programs both by other religious organizations and Western governments. The wastelands of Western Europe and its offspring would slowly but surely be converted into a 'lower middle capitalist class'.
The abject poverty and destitution of vast numbers of casual and low paid workers and unemployed people through the 18th and 19th centuries makes any belief in the Summum Bonum consequences of disciplined self-interest seem myopically absurd.
By this time,bicycling had become popular among the middle and upper classes, andstrangely enough, amongst the ladies as well.The 19th century was not a time in which one would want to become sick.
Varying societal views can be demonstrated in England and China, during the Tudor and Victorian eras, and Ancient China and the Qing dynasty respectively....
U.S. Department of Commerce, Survey of Current Business, Vol. 44, No. 4 (April 1964), p. 11 (percent of American families with less than $3,000 annual income in 1954 dollars). This figure is comparable to the “below poverty level” numbers that the government began to report in 1947, because the below-$3,000 percentage in 1947 was 35, which is close to the 32 percent officially reported poor in that year.
Table No. 730, “Persons Below Poverty Level and Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level,” in United States Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1996 (Washington.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996), Section 14, “Income, Expenditures, and Wealth,” p. 472.
Victorians also believed that thrift was essential and poverty was always the fault of the poor individual, the poor could choose to better their situation.
Construction of the Typical Police Officer Several criteria apply to the Victorian police officer: * Policemen were typically involved in trade and were part of the lower middle class o “In Staffordshire, miners, shoemakers, brickmakers, moulders, puddlers, potters, engine drivers and even a printer joined the force” (Taylor 48)....
The Victorians spent a great deal of time not just using various coal products, but also spent a long time thinking and disagreeing about a wide range of issues that concerned such an essential product for their way of life.
The real eye-opener of 19th century medicine is that the licensing examgiven by the Royal College of Physicians required applicants tointerpret 1st and 17th century medical texts.
The Victorian era was marked by the Church of England which developed such an influence in politics as well as religion that it became difficult to separate the two (Yi 1).
Over the past three centuries, people living in Western (capitalist) countries have increasingly imposed their understanding of reality on others. Now, they are becoming aware of a growing antipathy toward 'The West' around the world. Henry Hyde's view of the problems facing Western countries is not isolated,
was anincreasingly influential figure in the English medical world.Without disease, there would be no doctors, and in the 19th centurythere was plenty of it.
Charles Dickens saw the injustice of the class system in Victorian society and worked to highlight the immorality of the upper class through his literature.
But with all their efforts, in1869, large parts of Birmingham and Manchester still lacked watersewage and the London water supply was officially described as "of aquality that displays a criminal indifference to the public safety".With all this disease in the 19th century, death and early death was nostranger to the English family.