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FREE MLA, APA, Chicago Citation Styles


A book

Author(s). Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of

Publication.



A part of a book (such as an essay in a collection)

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Collection. Ed. Editor's

Name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Pages.



An article in a periodical (such as a newspaper or magazine)

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Source Day Month Year:

pages.

N.B. When citing the date, list day before month; use a three-letter abbreviation of themonth (e.g. Jan., Mar., Aug.). If there is more than one edition available for that date(as in an early and late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition following the date(e.g. 17 May 1987, late ed.).



An article in a scholarly journal

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Vol (Year): pages.

N.B. "Vol" indicates the volume number of the journal. If the journal usescontinuous pagination throughout a particular volume, only volume and year are needed,e.g. Modern Fiction Studies 39 (1993).: 156-174. If each issue of the journal begins onpage 1, however, you must also provide the issue number following the volume, e.g. Mosaic19.3 (1986): 33-49.


This list, alphabetized by authors' last names, should appear at the endof your essay. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieveany sources you cite in the essay. Each source you cite in the essay must appear in yourworks-cited list; likewise, each entry in the works-cited list must be cited in your text.

Basic Rules

Authors' names are inverted (last name first); if a work has more than oneauthor, invert only the first author's name, follow it with a comma, then continue listingthe rest of the authors. If you have cited more than one work by a particular author,order them alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens in place of the author's namefor every entry after the first. When an author appears both as the sole author of a textand as the first author of a group, list solo-author entries first. If no author is givenfor a particular work, alphabetize by the title of the piece. The first line of eachentry in your list should be flush left. Subsequent lines should be indented one-halfinch. This is known as a "hanging indent."
All references should be double-spaced.
Capitalize each word in the titles of articles, books, etc. (This rule doesnot apply to "a," "an," "the," or to conjunctions, unlessthey are the first word of the title.) Underline or italicize titles of books, journals,magazines, newspapers, and films.

Learn writing an essay with MLA Format.

Below is a sample of an essay in MLA format:

Cite 59 source types How to Cite an Essay Online in MLA.

In the following example, Mutant Enemy is the primary production company, and “Hush” was released in 1999. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode.

In the following example, Mutant Enemy is the primary production company, and “Hush” was released in 1999. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode.

articles are in quotes and .Cite your website in MLA format for free.

The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. For the most part, an in-text citation is the author’s name and page number (or just the page number, if the author is named in the sentence) in parentheses:

mla, apa, How Do I Cite a Website in MLA Format?

The first time students are called upon to write a Works Cited page, they are typically seized with panic. Actually, however, writing a good Works Cited page is just a matter of following prescriptions for each type of text one is using, and today, there are many excellent sources online detailing each of these formats. Most have excellent models for every type of citation one might need. In addition, citation engines, such as , are out there online to automatically format a citation in MLA, APA, Chicago, and other formats. One simply enters the information in a form like the one below, and the citation is formatted for you:

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Quote and Cite a Poem in an Essay Using MLA Format.


Date Month Year .MLA Works Cited Page: Basic Format.

Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work like Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto. In such cases, give the page number of your edition (making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course) followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume (vol.), book (bk.), part (pt.), chapter (ch.), section (sec.), or paragraph (par.). For example:

Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide

We'll learn how to make a Works Cited page in a bit, but right now it's important to know that parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.

Proper Citations using MLA Style

We'll learn how to make a Works Cited page in a bit, but right now it's important to know that parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.

Examples of Proper MLA Citations

The Works Cited page follows the same basic format as the rest of the essay: 1 - 1 1/2" margins, 12 point font, pagination (continued) in the upper right hand corner, 1/2 inch from the top, right-adjusted, double spacing.

Proper Essay Format. MLA and APA Essay Writing Style

He continues: "While some common APA formatting errors may be issues due to changes in updated guidelines (APA 5 vs. APA 6), there are other, perhaps more common instances where a student fails to properly reference the source materials within writing assignments. This is particularly true when citing content from the Internet. Understanding how to properly reference and cite source materials adds power to any student paper, because the papers can be used to show a proper understanding and blending of source ideas - a critical concept in higher learning."

How to Format MLA In-Text Citations

Common APA Mistakes
"One of the most common mistakes I see," stated , who has studied social science and has taught health care administration and career development at a college level for various universities for more than five years, "are errors in properly citing web references." Professor Long and his students - being in the social sciences - have never used anything except APA style. He is currently working on his own education specialist degree (Ed.S.) now at U of Missouri, which is half way to the Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) degree.

In MLA style, citing the works of others within your text is done ..

Dr. Walters said, "The most common problems I see with MLA style occur in the writing, meaning the text itself, not the bibliography or Works Cited...though there are often some problems to address there, too. In the text, the most common problems are:

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