Queen elizabeth essay questions It is easy in the 21st century to conjure up the image of a powerful Tudor queen. R subjects of the second Queen Elizabeth, her namesake and predecessor is an.
A summary of Elizabethan Literature in Queen Elizabeth I. Arn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Queen Elizabeth I and what it means. Queen Elizabeth Essay Questions
Queen Elizabeth II has faced various scandals and threats in her reign. The children’s marriages were dissolved publicly during her reign in the 1990s. The Queen faced family tragedies including the death of her daughter in law Princess Diana soon after her marriage to Prince Charles was dissolved. Princess Diana’s death was highly publicized and the Queen was attacked for her delayed response to the tragedy. The Queen lost her sister Queen Margaret and her mother a few months before celebrating her Golden Jubilees in 2002.
Mary was born in Linlithgow Palace, Scotland, on the 7 of December 1542. She was the only daughter of King James V of Scotland, and his French wife, Mary of Guise. She is said to have been christened in the Parish Church of St. Michael, near the Palace. Her father died only days after her birth, and the week old Mary became Queen of Scotland on the 14 of December 1542. She was crowned on the 9 of September the following year at Stirling.
Mary was related to the Tudors. Her grandmother was Margaret Tudor, Henry VIII's older sister. Margaret Tudor had married King James V of Scotland, and her son was Mary's father, James V. Henry VIII was thus her great Uncle, and she and Elizabeth were cousins. Henry VIII wished to have baby Mary as a future bride for his infant son, Edward, and in 1544, his forces invaded Scotland in an attempt to force this matter, but he failed. Mary was sent to France to marry the Dauphin, Francis, the eldest son of the king of France, later Francis II. Her mother, Mary of Guise, acted as regent in Scotland.
In 1559, the King of France was killed in a jousting accident, and at only seventeen years of age, Mary became Queen of France. This alarmed Elizabeth, who had only just become Queen herself, as she and her government feared that the French would now try and claim the English throne as well. The French were simply not in a position to do this, however. Mary of Guise's position in Scotland was weak, and she was fighting for survival in a country that was now Protestant. The French could not contemplate attacking England when French rule in the country via Mary and her French mother was so fragile. For this reason, Elizabeth's ministers urged her to aid the Scots against their Catholic government. Elizabeth was reluctant to aid rebels, but in the name of self preservation, agreed to some aid. English involvement was rather disastrous, however, with the English forces suffering humiliating defeat. William Cecil was sent to Scotland to negotiate peace with the Scots, and he played a prominent part in drawing up a treaty with the Scottish government, which guaranteed peace between the two realms. The treaty of Edinburgh was never ratified by Mary, however, as she refused to relinquish her claim to the English throne that the English requested.
Mary was always seen as a considerable threat to Elizabeth. Many Catholics did not recognize Elizabeth as the true Queen of the realm. They did not recognize the marriage of her mother, Anne Boleyn, to her father, and so believed that she was illegitimate. Illegitimate children were not supposed to become kings or queens. As well as this, Elizabeth was also a Protestant, but Mary a Catholic. For many years Catholics plotted to depose and kill Elizabeth in order to put Mary on her throne. Mary herself did not recognize Elizabeth as the true Queen, and believed that she herself was the rightful Queen of England. Sometimes she even referred to herself as such. The relationship between Mary and Elizabeth was always very difficult. As mutual queens and cousins they tried to keep up a pretense of friendship, but in reality they did not like each other very much. Perhaps because she was nine years older than Mary, Elizabeth always treated Mary with care, and was remarkably tolerant of her less than respectful cousin. In films and novels, Elizabeth is often made out to have been very cruel to Mary, but this is not really true. There is a tendency for people to side with one Queen over the other, but it is better to treat them both as victims of the circumstances in which they found themselves.
Not long after, Francis died. No longer really welcome in France, Mary soon returned to Scotland. Her return was much needed as her mother, Mary of Guise, had died in the June of 1560. In the August of 1561 Mary arrived at the port of Leith, and as only a few people knew of her coming, she was greeted by only a few of her lords. Because she was still refusing to sign the Treaty of Edinburgh, Elizabeth denied her cousin passage through England, and so Mary had bravely sailed the distance from Calais to Leith directly. But the news of her arrival soon reached her people, and they gathered in crowds to welcome the return of their long absent sovereign.
Queen Elizabeth II is well throughout the world. She is the Queen of sixteen countries but in the United Kingdom. Her ancestors have over the UK for over a thousand years. She holds enormous power over her 129 million subjects, but gets involved with politics. She is a hard-working Queen who has adapted to world changes over six decades.
The Catholic north made even more alien by her persecutions and policies here and in fact her open hostility to the northern earls.
Her treatment of Mary Queen of Scots although in some part justified was foolish and reckless.
The so called Poor Law was not made until 1601. An attempt to solve the problem in 1563 did not go far enough and was not enforced correctly. The policy was in chaos as many of these things often are, did not address beggers save to make them even more criminals than Henry had and a bigger problem for the rest of the country.
There was just as much poverty and terrible disease as in any reign. Her rich people could have put their money into making things better rather than entertaining her and her court.
The number of alms houses under Elizabeth are fewer than in other reigns.
The Defeat of the Amarda was the great British weathr not English ships.
She provoked war with Spain when she could have had a great ally in Philip by not attacking Cadiz and not attacking his legitimate shipping and rights in the New World. You will find the law was on the side of Spain and not on the side of England.
Her so called middle way in religion may have been all very well intended but was a complete nightmare and in fact she went out of her way to alienate the Puritans and the Catholics in the country. It was illegal to be a Catholic practising in England and hundreds were killed. It was illegal to be a Catholic priest and hundreds were killed.
The highest number of people tortored in England is under Elizabeth I. Records of official and unofficial orders to torture show that even James I who took part in torture and questioning of people himself did not order the use of torture as much as Elizabeth’s government. True she may have felt that she had justification but the facts are the facts.
She caused wars of disaster in Ireland and with Spain later in the reign. She tried to force Ireland to submit to her and it would not. Her Lord Leuitennants could not put down the Great O’Neil and others. The first official witch trials took place under Elizabeth in 1563 and the 1590’s. These were worse under James who brought the terror to England but the first trials were here. The first statute appeared under Henry VIII but few trials for it exist.
After the Northern Rebellion four times as many people were executed by Elizabeth as by either Mary or Elizabeth.
Her rule ended with famines and starvation and things for the poor still did not improve.
She was jealous of anyone who had a happy marriage and many of her ladies were cruelly banished or put in the Tower if they married without her consent. She also banished the wives of her gentlemen from court.
She did a lot to encourage invention and trade, but it again was the rich alone and the middle class who came out well. Even sailors on the Amarda died of starvation as they were not paid after service on her ships at that time. Even the hospitals many went to could not prevent that and were not paid.
The Elizabethen Age was not a Golden Age it was an Age that made England grow up and waken up to it’s responsibilities. It was during the latter part of the Age when she grew up and stopped trying to romance everything in a doublet at her court that she saw the possibilites of England.
Henry VIII is the true father of the navy, but Elizabeth woke up and began to see the need to expand on that legacy. She took the larger ships built first under her sister Mary as proto types and improved on them. She saw our ships become larger and more speed in them. She saw us go around the world and bring back great wealth even though we did pinch it. She also saw more products come in from the new world, exotic fruits and veg and unfortunately tobacco. She also oversaw the start of the slave trade and turned a blind eye to it because the same people who took part in it also expanded our sea trade.
Town houses provided better living for more people in the towns and cities and some improvement in ordinary dwellings also took place, but still the poor did not feature in this improvement. It was only the start of the Poor Law that enabled them to gain any benefit and to be cared for by the parish, but at a cost; they lost any freedom they had and the poor were regulated.
Our ports grew and our contacts around the world but as more and more people came into the towns the normal population problems and camped conditions took place and would not be resolved until the 20th century. Some problems are still with us even now and may never be solved. Homelessness began to increase with the dissolution of the monastic houses and the dismissal of monastic servants, it was not solved then and has never been solved now. Elizabeth was not that far sighted.
Fashion and clothing advanced for middle classes as well as the rich or the court and her fashions are iconic for England.
There are other things iconic of Elizabeth’s England that allow us to understand the era and to see it visually, musically, through theatre and literature, buildings that brought items from the higher lives to the ordinary people and of course the life of entertainment; though the inns and the theatre that the poor could make their own. Not a golden age, but certainly an awaking and iconic one.
To Queen of hearts, your abusive response to my informative and well balanced post proves you know nothing. I have been educated and researched Tudor Dynasty for years. I have several qualifications in this area and yes, I do know my stuff. Claire’s articles are excellent and well researched, but I am entitled to disagree if I don’t believe that Elizabeth I led a golden age. If you actually read my post you would have read my support at the good achievements of the reign of Elizabeth, but also a well balanced criticism of her life and reign. She made errors as did every other monarch. It was not a golden age to many of her subjects who did not share her reforms. My post acknowledged that trade expanded but that economic growth and war also hindered our growth. I suggest you do some proper research before calling someone’s views Evil Tabloid. As for my rant, I think it is your uneducated post that is a rant, most people who accuse others of ranting, like you, in loud abusive language, and usually the ranters themselves.
Queen Elizabeth I did not allow her pursuits for art, science, exploration and fair reign to distract her from military progress. She was instrumental in the Spanish Armada’s defeat where 132 ships were overpowered by just 34 ships lead by Sir Francis Drake, Lord Howard of Effingham and Sir John Hawkins. She successfully thwarted numerous invasions by the Spanish. She quelled the Irish and Essex rebellions.