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Reflections on the guillotine, an essay on capital punishment.

Camus's main point in his argument against capital punishment is its ineffectiveness. Camus points out that in countries where the death penalty has already been abandoned crime has not risen. He explains this by arguing that the world has changed so that capital punishment no longer serves as the deterrent that it may once have been. In Camus's father's day the guillotine was still used to execute criminals in public but by the time Camus wrote his essay executions took place privately in prisons. Although Camus approved of conducting the executions in private he argued that it removed the element of deterrence and rendered the death penalty as merely a means for the state to dispose of those whom it saw as irremediable.

Although Camus opposed the use of capital punishment today, he gives examples in the essay of how it may have been logical and appropriate in pious civilizations. In such civilizations Camus states that the death penalty was usually administered by the Church in order to deprive the convicted of the divine gift of . However, by doing so, the convicted would then face judgement and have the chance of atonement at the hands of God. In an unbelieving world, Camus argues, the convicted is given no chance of atonement. The process takes place completely separate from the convict and simply dismisses him as beyond salvation or remedy.

" Reflections on the Guillotine " is an extended essay written in 1957 by Albert Camus

Reflections On The Guillotine An Essay On Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment An Unjust Solution essaysThe three most recognized reasons for capital punishment are crime deterrent, eye-for-an-eye justice, and.

The resumption of capital punishment after a long moratorium, which began in1967, is the result of a series of decisions by the United States SupremeCourt. In the first of these decisions, (1972), theCourt held that the death penalty as then administered did constitute cruel andunusual punishment and so was contrary to the Eighth Amendment to theConstitution. Subsequently in 1976 the Court upheld death sentences imposedunder state statutes which had been revised by state legislatures in the hopeof meeting the Court's requirement that the death penalty not be imposedarbitrarily. These cases and the ensuing revision of state and federalstatutes gave rise to extended public debate over the necessity andadvisability of retaining the death penalty. We should note that much of thisdebate was carried on in a time of intense public concern over crime andviolence. For instance, in 1976 alone, over 18,000 people were murdered in theUnited States. Criticism of the inadequacies of the criminal justice systemhas been widespread, even while spectacular crimes have spread fear and alarm,particularly in urban areas. All these factors make it particularly necessarythat Christians form their views on this difficult matter in a prayerful andreflective way and that they show a respect and concern for the rights ofall.

"Reflections on the Guillotine" is an extended written in 1957 by . In theessay Camus takes an uncompromising position for the abolition ofthe . Camus's view is similar tothat of who also argued that . Camus states that he does not basehis argument on sympathy for the convicted but on logical groundsand on proven statistics. Camus also argues that capital punishmentis an easy option for the government where remedy and reform may bepossible.

/ Reflections on the Guillotine An Essay on Capital Punishment by.

Camus's main point in his argument against capital punishment isits ineffectiveness. Camus points out that in countries where thedeath penalty has already been abandoned crime has not risen. Heexplains this by arguing that the world has changed so that capitalpunishment no longer serves as the deterrent that it may once havebeen. In Camus's father's day the guillotine was still used toexecute criminals in public but by the time Camus wrote his essayexecutions took place privately in prisons. Although Camus approvedof conducting the executions in private he argued that it removedthe element of deterrence and rendered the death penalty as merelya means for the state to dispose of those whom it saw asirremediable.

In “Reflections on the guillotine”, Albert Camus’s essay on capital punishment, ..

Although Camus opposed the use of capital punishment today, hegives examples in the essay of how it may have been logical andappropriate in pious civilizations. In such civilizations Camusstates that the death penalty was usually administered by theChurch in order to deprive the convicted of the divine gift oflife. However, by doing so, the convicted would then face judgementand have the chance of atonement at the hands of God. In anunbelieving world, Camus argues, the convicted is given no chanceof atonement. The process takes place completely separate from theconvict and simply dismisses him as beyond salvation or remedy.

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Reflections on the guillotine,: An essay on capital


Reflections on the Guillotine - Wikipedia

At the end of the essay Camus stated that action must be takenimmediately. Camus proposed that France lead the way for the restof the world by adopting a trial period of ten years in whichcapital punishment be replaced by life labor. As a half measureCamus suggested that the option of self-administered (a modern equivalent of in Ancient Greece) would at least be afirst step in a more humane direction.

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