The question today is not democracy or dictatorship. The question that history has put on the agenda reads: bourgeois democracy or socialist democracy. For the dictatorship of the proletariat does not mean bombs, putsches (pushes), riots and anarchy, as the against of capitalist profits deliberately and falsely claim. Rather, it means using all instruments of political power to achieve socialism, to expropriate the capitalist class, through and in accordance with the will of the revolutionary majority of the proletariat.
Hitler began his rise to power in 1923 when he attempted the Munich Putsch. Although his attempt failed he used his trial to gain publicity. In prison he wrote Mein Kampf setting out his ideas. More importantly, he changed his ideas about how to gain power. He decided to take power legally, using the democratic system, which he then planned to destroy.
The consequences of the Munich Putsch were probably of more significance than the uprising itself. At his trial, Hitler was allowed to make long speeches explaining his reasons. This transformed him from being a little known politician into a champion of the right wing. His imprisonment, for just 9 months, allowed him time to reappraise his methodology and provided an opportunity for him to write Mein Kampf. These combined to make Hitler an obvious leader of the Right Wing opponents of the Weimar Republic.
The Bavarian Ministry is removed. I propose that a Bavarian government shall be formed consisting of a Regent and a Prime Minister invested with dictatorial powers. I propose Herr von Kahr as Regent and Herr Pohner as Prime Minister. The government of the November Criminals and the Reich President are declared to be removed. I propose that, until accounts have been finally settled with the November criminals, the direction of policy in the National Government be taken over by me. Adolf Hitler, in a speech made during the Munich Putsch.
Check your paper » The Failure of the Munich Putsch
The MunichPutsch failed in 1932 for many reasons but all together the
poor planning was to blame because if the planning was perfect many of
the things I will list wouldn't have happened.
Hitler had vowed five years prior to the Putsch that he would not "
rest nor sleep until the politicians who had signed the armistice had
been hurled to the ground, until on the ruins of the pitiful Germany
of today has risen a Germany of power and greatness.
This putsch was
begun simply to avenge the armistice, to take over and change what he
wanted to change a make them "the great nation" they were.
All of these things helped Hitler gain power in 1932 and had he not been sent to prison in 1923, he would have probably failed in another Putsch and been sent to prison for the rest of his life.
He then ordered these three high officials of the Bavarian government into a back room forced them to promise to support the Putsch against the government at gunpoint saying, "I have four shots in my pistol....
As the German economy floundered and the Government struggled to cope with the turmoil, a group of Right Wing politicians in bavaria planned to take this opportunity to overthrow the Government. The Right Wing leaders of the Bavarian Government, Kahr, Seisser and Lossow, planned an uprising to commence in mid November. The Nazi Party agreed to support this uprising and Hitler arranged for his Storm Troopers to participate in the revolt. However on November 4th, the Right Wing leaders decided to postpone the revolution. This infuriated Hitler. Sensing the weakness of the Weimar Government and seeing the turmoil that the country was in he decided to stage the uprising using supporters of the nazi Party. On November 8th, 1923, a group of Nazi's occupied the Beer Hall. Here, they forced Kahr, Seisser and Lossow to support their uprising - they were holding a meeting when the Nazi's occupied the building. Members of the SA moved to occupy the Army headquarters and nazi sympathisers rampaged through parts of Munich, targeting Jewish property.
Having agreed to support the Nazi's, Kahr was released. He immediately contacted the Police and Army to inform them of the uprising. The following day, Nazi's marched on Munich. They were met by the Police and a gun battle followed. 16 Nazi supporters were killed and the uprising was easily suppressed. The Nazi leadership was arrested and put on trial for treason, leading sympathisers, including General Ludendorff, were also arrested.
Hyperinflation and the French invasion / occupation of the Ruhr are explained on this page. There is some interesting data available here that will help to put the scale of hyperinflation into perspective.
This site offers a detailed account of the events surrounding the Kapp Putsch. This site represents a socialist perspective of events, bear this in mind when reading their account as there may be sections where you will find a different perspective to that presented in other sources. Interpretations such as these can be used to illustrate your wider knowledge of the events and the manner in which they have been interpreted by different historians.
The Spartacus entry for the Munich Putsch. This online enclylopedia includes source material pertaining to the events which may beof use for you when you are searching for evidence to substantiate your own thoughts. There are many links to other major events and personalities built into the text on this page.